Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban)

RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS

First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions.

PRACTICE QUESTIONS

QUES 1 . Consider the following statements with respect to Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) 

1 . It envisions provision of Housing for All by 2025.

2 .  Mission with all its component has become effective from 2018.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

a . 1 only

b . 2 only

c . Both 1 and 2

d . Neither 1 nor 2

Answer –d

QUES 2 . Consider the following statements with respect to Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) 

1 . 1041 statutory towns as per Census 2011 with focus on 100 Class I cities would be covered in three phases.

2 . Mission will be mostly implemented as Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS).

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

a . 1 only

b . 2 only

c . Both 1 and 2

d . Neither 1 nor 2

Answer –b

QUES 3 . Which of the following are implementation methodologies of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) 

a . Slum rehabilitation 

b . Affordable Housing for weaker section 

c . Partnership with Public & Private sectors

d . All of the above

 Answer –d

ABOUT PRADHAN MANTRI AWAS YOJANA

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The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) Programme launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA), in Mission mode envisions provision of Housing for All by 2022, when the Nation completes 75 years of its Independence.It is being implemented from 2015.

Features of the Yojana

1 . “Housing for All” Mission for urban area is being implemented during 2015-2022 and this Mission will provide central assistance to implementing agencies through States and UTs for providing houses to all eligible families/beneficiaries by 2022.
2 . Mission will be implemented as Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) except for the component of credit linked subsidy which will be implemented as a Central Sector Scheme.
3 . Mission with all its component has become effective from the date 17.06.2015 and will be implemented upto 31.03.2022

Coverage and Duration

All 4041 statutory towns as per Census 2011 with focus on 500 Class I cities would be covered in three phases as follows:
1 . Phase I (April 2015 – March 2017) to cover 100 Cities selected from States/UTs as per their willingness.
2 . Phase II (April 2017 – March 2019) to cover additional 200 Cities
3 . Phase III (April 2019 – March 2022) to cover all other remaining Cities

Implementation Methodology

The Mission seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers through following programme verticals:

1 . Slum rehabilitation of Slum Dwellers with participation of private developers using land as a resource
2 . Promotion of Affordable Housing for weaker section through credit linked subsidy
3 . Affordable Housing in Partnership with Public & Private sectors
4 . Subsidy for beneficiary-led individual house construction /enhancement.

New construction technologies

To fast track the construction of sanctioned houses, the Ministry has identified new technologies for mass housing construction and building materials for adoption among States/UTs. In addition, the Ministry is also organizing Global Housing Construction Technology Challenge (GHCTC) to co-opt internationally acclaimed rapid mass housing construction technologies and to help States/UTs to construct sanctioned houses under PMAY(U) to address housing shortage in the urban areas by 2022.