Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan

RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS – II (Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes)

First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions.

PRACTICE QUESTIONS

QUES 1 . Which among the following statements about Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan is incorrect-

1 . The Scheme will be implemented during the period from 01.04.2018 to 31.03.2027

2 . The scheme was launched on National Panchayati Raj Day (24th April) in 2018.

3 . This scheme will extend to 18 States and UTs of the country.

code:

a . only 1

b . 1 & 2

c . only 2

d . 1 & 3

Answer – d

gram swaraj abhiyan

Launch

The scheme was launched at Ramnagar (Madhya Pradesh) on the occasion of National Panchayati Raj Day (24th April) in 2018.

Objectives of the Scheme

The Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan will strengthen the Panchayati Raj system across the country and address critical gaps that constrain its success. RGSA seeks to:

1 . Enhance capacities and effectiveness of Panchayats and the Gram Sabhas.
2 . Enable democratic decision-making and accountability in Panchayats and promote people’s participation.
3 . Strengthen the institutional structure for knowledge creation and capacity building of Panchayats.
4 . Promote devolution of powers and responsibilities to Panchayats according to the spirit of the Constitution and PESA Act.
5 . Strengthen Gram Sabhas to function effectively as the basic forum of peoples participation, transparency and accountability within the Panchayat system.
6 . Create and strengthen democratic local self-government in areas where Panchayats do not exist.
7 . Strengthen the constitutionally mandated framework on which Panchayats are founded.

Expenditure

The Scheme will be implemented during the period from 01.04.2018 to 31.03.2022 at the total cost of Rs. 7255.50 crore with the Central Share of Rs. 4500 crore and that of State Share of Rs. 2755.50 crore.

Features of the Scheme

(i) This scheme will extend to all States and UTs of the Country and will also include institutions of rural local government in non-Part IX areas, where Panchayats do not exist.

(ii) The scheme will have both Central Component – National Level activities including “National Plan of Technical Assistance”, “Mission Mode project on e-Panchayat”, “Incentivization of Panchayats” and State component – Capacity Building of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs).

(iii) The Central Component will be fully funded by the Government of India. However, Centre:State funding pattern for State Component will be 60:40 for all States, except North East and Hill States where Centre:State funding pattern will be 90:10. For all Union Territories (UTs) (with and without legislatures), the Central share will be 100%.

(iv) The implementation and monitoring of the activities of the scheme will broadly be aligned for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with main thrust on Panchayats identified under Mission Antyodaya and 115 Aspirational districts as identified by NITI Aayog.

(v) The Scheme will converge capacity building initiatives of other Ministries with particular focus on those Ministries which will be impacted substantially by this Scheme.

(vi) Sunset date for RGSA will be 31.03.2030.

States/districts covered

This scheme will extend to all States and UTs of the country and will also include institutions of rural local government in non-Part IX areas, where Panchayats do not exist.

Impact

1 . The approved scheme of RGSA will help more than 2.55 lakh Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) to develop governance capabilities to deliver on SDGs through inclusive local governance with focus on optimum utilisation of available resources.

2 . The key principles of SDGs, i.e. leaving no one behind, reaching the farthest first and universal coverage, along with gender equality will be embedded in the design of all capacity building interventions including trainings, training modules and materials.

3 . Priority will be given to subjects of national importance that affects the excluded groups the most, e.g. poverty, primary health services, nutrition, immunization, sanitation, education, water conservation, digital transactions etc.

4 .  As Panchayats have representation of Schedule Castes, Schedule Tribes and women, and are institutions closest to the grass­roots, strengthening Panchayats will promote equity and inclusiveness, along with Social Justice and economic development of the community.

5 . Increased use of e-governance by PRIs will help achieve improved service delivery and transparency.

6 . The scheme will strengthen Gram Sabhas to function as effective institutions with social inclusion of citizens particularly the vulnerable groups.

7 . It will establish the institutional structure for capacity building of PRIs at the national, state and district level with adequate human resources and infrastructure.

8 . Panchayats will progressively be strengthened through incentivisation on the basis of nationally important criteria which will encourage competitive spirit among them.

Implementation strategy 

The Central Government and the State Governments will take action for performing and completing the activities approved for their respective roles. The State Government will formulate their Annual Action Plans for seeking assistance from the Central Government as per their priorities and requirement. The scheme will be implemented in a demand driven mode.

Background

The Finance Minister, in his budget speech for 2016-17, announced the launch of new restructured scheme of Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA), for developing governance capabilities of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) to deliver on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

In his Budget Speech for 2017-18, the Finance Minister announced to undertake a Mission Antyodaya to bring one crore households out of poverty to make 50,000 Gram Panchayats poverty free. Accordingly, convergent action with Mission Antyodaya has been integrated into this scheme.