Statue of Equality (Ramanuja)

RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS – I  (Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.)  

First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions.

PRACTICE QUESTIONS

QUES 1 . Consider the following statements about  Statue of Equality

1 .It is dedicated to saint Madhvacharya.

2 . It is situated at Nalgonda.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

a . only 1

b . only 2

c . both of the above

d . none of the above

Answer – d

QUES 2 . Consider the following statements about  Ramanuja ( 1017–1137 CE) a Hindu theologian and philosopher-

1 . He is famous as the chief proponent of Vishishtadvaita subschool of Vedanta.

2 . Ramanuja’s guru was Adi Shankara.

3 . His theories assert that there exists a plurality and distinction between Atman (soul) and Brahman (metaphysical, ultimate reality).

Which among the above statements is/are incorrect?

a . only 1

b . only 2

c . only 3

d . 2 & 3

Answer – b

QUES 3 .Consider the following statements about  Vishishtadvaita-

1 . It is a non-dualistic school of Vedanta philosophy.

2 . It is non-dualism of the qualified whole, in which Brahman alone exists, but is characterized by multiplicity.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

a . only 1

b . only 2

c . both of the above

d . none of the above

Answer – c

The Statue of Equality is an upcoming project in Hyderabad dedicated to the 11th century Vaishnavaite Saint Bhagavad Ramanuja, commemorating 1000 years since his birth.

Ramanuja was an icon treating every one as equal before God and was the first to allow the downtrodden to enter temples. Taking his inspiration this project was named “Statue of Equality”.

The project is constructed on an estimated 34 acres. It consists of a 216 foot tall statue of Ramanuja and is surrounded by 108 Divyadesams (model temples). This project was planned by religious guru Chinna Jeeyar swamy and his religious trust.

This project budget is 1000 crore rupees. After completion Statue of Equality would be the world’s second tallest sitting statue after Great Buddha of Thailand, Thailand which is of 302 feet height.

About Ramanuja

Ramanuja ( 1017–1137 CE) was a Hindu theologian, philosopher, and one of the most important exponents of the Sri Vaishnavism tradition within Hinduism. He was born in a Tamil Brahmin family in the village of Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu. His philosophical foundations for devotionalism were influential to the Bhakti movement.

Ramanuja’s guru was Yadava Prakasa, a scholar who was a part of the more ancient Advaita Vedanta monastic tradition.  Ramanuja disagreed with his guru and the non-dualistic Advaita Vedanta, and instead followed in the footsteps of Alvars tradition, the scholars Nathamuni and Yamunacharya. Ramanuja is famous as the chief proponent of Vishishtadvaita subschool of Vedanta. Ramanuja  wrote influential texts, such as bhasya on the Brahma Sutras and the Bhagavad Gita, all in Sanskrit.

His Vishishtadvaita (qualified monism) philosophy has competed with the Dvaita (theistic dualism) philosophy of Madhvacharya, and Advaita (monism) philosophy of Adi Shankara, together the three most influential Vedantic philosophies of the 2nd millennium.

Ramanuja presented the epistemic and soteriological importance of bhakti, or the devotion to a personal God (Vishnu in Ramanuja’s case) as a means to spiritual liberation. His theories assert that there exists a plurality and distinction between Atman (soul) and Brahman (metaphysical, ultimate reality), while he also affirmed that there is unity of all souls and that the individual soul has the potential to realize identity with the Brahman.

About Vishishtadvaita

Vishishtadvaita  is one of the most popular schools of the Vedanta school of Hindu philosophy. VishishtAdvaita (literally “Advaita with uniqueness; qualifications”) is a non-dualistic school of Vedanta philosophy. It is non-dualism of the qualified whole, in which Brahman alone exists, but is characterized by multiplicity.

It can be described as qualified monism or qualified non-dualism or attributive monism. It is a school of Vedanta philosophy which believes in all diversity subsuming to an underlying unity.