The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission, also known as National Solar Mission, is one of the eight key National Mission’s which comprise India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). NAPCC was launched on 30th June 2008 which identified development of solar energy technologies in the country as a National Mission. The mission was approved on January 11, 2010 by the government.
The Mission has set the ambitious target of deploying 20,000 MW of grid connected solar power by 2022, which was revised to 1,00,000 MW by 2022 during June 2015.
The Mission will adopt a 3 – phase approach, Phase 1 (up to 2012 – 13), Phase 2 (2013 – 17) and Phase 3 (2017 – 22).
Why this mission?
India is a tropical country, where sunshine is available for longer hours per day and in great intensity. The daily average solar energy incident over India varies from 4 to 7 kWh/m2 with about 1500–2000 sunshine hours per year, depending upon location resulting in an aggregate incident radiation of about 5000 trillion Kwh/yr. This is far more than current total energy consumption. Solar energy, therefore, has great potential as future energy source. Based on this vision the National Solar Mission was launched.
The objective of the National Solar Mission is to establish India as a global leader in solar energy, by creating the policy conditions for its diffusion across the country as quickly as possible.
The mission is aimed at reducing the cost of solar power generation in the country through (i) long term policy; (ii) large scale deployment goals; (iii) aggressive R&D; and (iv) domestic production of critical raw materials, components and products, as a result to achieve grid tariff parity by 2022.
The immediate aim of the Mission is to focus on setting up an enabling environment for solar technology penetration in the country both at a centralized and decentralized level.
1 . To create an enabling policy framework for the deployment of 20,000 MW of solar power by 2022. The cumulative target has been revised to 1,00,000 MW by 2022. The target will principally comprise of 40 GW Rooftop and 60 GW through Large and Medium Scale Grid Connected Solar Power Projects.
2 . To ramp up capacity of grid connected solar power generation to 1000 MW within three years by 2013; an additional 3000 MW by 2017 through the mandatory use of the renewable purchase obligation by utilities backed with a preferential tariff. This capacity can be more than doubled reaching 10,000MW installed power by 2017 or more, based on the enhanced and enabled international finance and technology transfer. The ambitious target for 2022 of 20,000 MW or more, will be dependent on the learning of the first two phases, which if successful, could lead to conditions of grid-competitive solar power. The transition could be appropriately up scaled, based on availability of international finance and technology.
3 . To create favourable conditions for solar manufacturing capability, particularly solar thermal for indigenous production and market leadership.
4 . To promote programmes for off grid applications, reaching 1000 MW by 2017 and 2000 MW by 2022 .
5 . To achieve 15 million sq. meters solar thermal collector area by 2017 and 20 million by 2022.
6 . To deploy 20 million solar lighting systems for rural areas by 2022.
Other than energy and ecological security the Solar mission will also has the advantage of permitting the decentralized distribution of energy, thereby empowering people at the grassroot level.