Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is an animal sanctuary in Wayanad, Kerala. It is bounded by protected area network of Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka and by Mudumalai of Tamil Nadu.

Established in 1973, the sanctuary is now an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. It has an extent of 344.44 km2 .

Climate

Generally, the year is classified into four seasons, namely, cold weather, hot weather, south west monsoon and north east monsoon. Average rain fallĀ  is 2322 m.m.This place experiences a high relative humidity .

Vegetation

It is part of the Deccan Plateau and the vegetation is predominantly of the south Indian moist deciduous teak forests. Also, the sanctuary has pastures of the west-coast semi-evergreen trees. The wildlife sanctuary comes under Project Elephant.

Tribes

Wayanad district has the largest population of Adivasi in Kerala. Scheduled tribes here include Paniyas, Kurumas, Adiyans, Kurichiyas, Ooralis and Kattunaikkans.

Vultures

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the safest havens for different species of vultures like the White-rumped Vultures and the Red-headed Vultures.

Chrysilla vollupe

Recently,a rare spider Chrysilla vollupe was rediscovered after 150 years, which was believed to be extinct.The Spider belongs to the family of jumping spider (Salticidae).The spider has eight black eyes.