National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) was launched during February 2011 by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) with the funding from Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
The mega project has three major objectives of strategic research, technology demonstrations and capacity building. Assessment of the impact of climate change simultaneous with formulation of adaptive strategies is the prime approach under strategic research across all sectors of agriculture, dairying and fisheries.
Evolving climate resilient agricultural technologies that would increase farm production and productivity vis-à-vis continuous management of natural and manmade resources constitute an integral part of sustaining agriculture in the era of climate change.
Modules of NICRA
The four modules of NICRA are– natural resource management, improving soil health, crop production and livestock .They are aimed at making the farmers self-reliant.
1 . To enhance the resilience of Indian agriculture covering crops, livestock and fisheries to climatic variability and climate change through development and application of improved production and risk management technologies.
2 . To demonstrate site specific technology packages on farmers’ fields for adapting to current climate risks.
3 . To enhance the capacity of scientists and other stakeholders in climate resilient agricultural research and its application.
Components of the Scheme
The Scheme has the following four components-
1 . Strategic research on adaptation and mitigation.
2 . Technology demonstration to cope with current climate variability in 100 vulnerable districts.
3 . Capacity building
4 . Sponsored competitive research to fill critical gaps