Electronically Transmitted Postal Ballot System (ETPBS)

Electronically Transmitted Postal Ballot System (ETPBS) was developed by Election Commission
of India (ECI) with the help of Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC). It was first used in Nellithope by-elections in Puducherry in 2016.

Features of ETPBS

1 . The developed System is implemented inline with the existing Postal Ballot System.

2 . Postal Ballot will be transmitted through Electronic Means to the voters.

3 . It enables the voters to cast their vote on an electronically received postal ballot from their
preferred location, which is outside their originally assigned voting constituency.

4 . This system would be an easier option of facilitating voting by the electors as the time
constraint for dispatch of postal ballot has been addressed using this system.

Class of electors who would be eligible for Electronically Transmitted Postal Ballot System

1 . Electronically Transmitted Postal Ballot System
Service Voters,other than those who opt for proxy voting

2 . The wives of persons referred to in clause 1

3 . Overseas Electors

Who are “Service Voter”?

“Service Voter” means any person mentioned in section 20(8) of the RP Act 1950 and clause (a) of Section 60 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 i.e.

(a) members of the armed forces of the Union,

(b) members of a force to which the provisions of Army Act, 1950 have been made applicable whether with or without modifications

(c) members of an armed police force of a State who are serving outside that State, and

(d) persons who are employed under the Government of India in a post outside India (e.g. Ambassadors of India abroad, their staff etc.).

Their names are registered in the last part of the electoral roll. Service voters who have opted for proxy voting are called Classified Service Voters. The wife of a service voter who ordinarily resides with him is also given the same facility of Postal Ballot as to the service voters.

Who is an “Overseas Elector”?

“Overseas Elector” means a voter who is stationed outside of the country.




ETPBS helps an entitled service voter to cast their vote using an electronically received postal ballot from anywhere outside their constituency.

It was developed by the Election Commission with the help of Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) .It provides an alternative method of quick dispatch of Postal Ballot paper electronically (earlier delivered by post) to the entitled Service Voter.It uses QR codes for uniqueness of the Service Voters.The postal ballots are delivered in electronic data format to voters on a real time basis.