Political status of Hong Kong

Image result for Hong Kong map

  • Hong Kong, at roughly 1,104 sq km, is home to an estimated 7.4 million people.
  • Hong Kong is the world’s fourth-most densely populated region.
  • It is situated at the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China.
  • It was a British colony from 1842 (at the end of the First Opium War in 1842) until sovereignty was returned to China in 1997.
  • Hong Kong is now part of China under the “one country, two systems” principle.
  • The city of Hong Kong remains a semi-autonomous region with the Basic Law (the city’s mini-constitution) for 50 years.
  • Hong Kong keeps its own judicial independence, its own legislature and economic system.
  • It has its own laws and courts, and allows its residents a range of civil liberties.
  • The Chief Executive is the head of government, and serves for a maximum of two five-year terms.
  • The Umbrella Revolution/Umbrella Movement/ Occupy Movement refers to a series of sit-in street protests in Hong Kong in Sep-Dec 2014. It was triggered over a decision regarding proposed reforms to the Hong Kong electoral system, and is largely a movement for democracy and autonomy.