In 2016, the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests had issued new Bio-medical Waste Management Rules, 2016 for proper discarding of the bio-medical waste.
Salient features of Bio-medical Waste Management Rules, 2016
1. It has simplified categorisation and authorisation. Thus, it will make a big difference to clean India Mission.
2. The new rules include vaccination camps, blood donation camps, surgical camps or any other healthcare activity.
3. Phase-out the use of chlorinated plastic bags, gloves and blood bags within two years.
4. Pre-treatment of the laboratory waste, microbiological waste, blood samples and blood bags through disinfection or sterilisation on-site in the manner as prescribed by WHO or NACO.
5. Provision of training to all its health care workers along with their immunisation regularly.
6. Establishing a Bar-Code System for bags or containers containing bio-medical waste for disposal.
7. Report major accidents.
8. Bio-medical waste has been classified in to 4 categories instead of 10 to improve the segregation of waste at source.
9. The new rules prescribe more stringent standards for incinerator to reduce the emission of pollutants in environment.
10. State Government to provide land for setting up common bio-medical waste treatment and disposal facility.
11. Operator of a common bio-medical waste treatment and disposal facility to ensure the timely collection of bio-medical waste from the HCFs and assist the HCFs in conduct of training.