What is bio-medical waste?
Bio-medical waste is any solid or liquid waste including its container and any intermediate product generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or research activities.
What does it consists of?
Bio Medical waste consists of human anatomical waste like organs, tissues and body parts, waste sharps like hypodermic needles, syringes, scalpels and broken glass, discarded medicines and cytotoxic drugs, liquid waste from any of infected areas etc.
Why does biomedical waste poses hazard?
Biomedical waste poses hazard due to two principal reasons – toxicity and infectivity.
It leads to land/soil pollution along with contamination of water including groundwater. It also pollutes the rivers due to its ultimate discharge in river that too without proper treatment.
Improper disposal increases risk of infection; encourages recycling of prohibited disposables and disposed drugs; and develops resistant microorganisms.