RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS-III
First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions.
QUES 1 . Discuss about the various initiatives that have been taken by the Government to promote electric mobility in the country.Do you think they are enough? If not, what else needs to be done?
Various initiatives have been taken by the Government to promote electric mobility in the country. Some of them are summarized hereunder:
1 . National E-Mobility Programme – National E-Mobility Programme was launched on 7th March 2018 .The objective of the National E-Mobility Programme is to provide an impetus to the entire e-mobility ecosystem including vehicle manufacturers, charging infrastructure companies, fleet operators, service providers,etc.For more details National E-Mobility Programme
2 . FAME India Scheme – Government of India notified FAME India Scheme [Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India] for implementation with effect from 1st April 2015, with the objective to support hybrid/electric vehicles market development and Manufacturing eco-system. For more details FAME India Scheme
3 . Under new GST regime, the rates of GST on Electric Vehicles has been kept in the lower bracket of 12% (with no Cess) as against the 28% GST rate with Cess up to 22% for conventional vehicles.
4 . Ministry of Power has allowed sale of electricity as ‘service’ for charging of electric vehicles. This would provide a huge incentive to attract investments into charging infrastructure.
5 . Ministry of Road Transport Highways issued notification regarding exemption of permit in case of battery operated vehicles.
6 . Issue of Expression of Interest (EoI) for deployment of 5000 electric buses by State Transport Departments/Undertakings etc.