Geographical Indication (GI)

The Geographical Indication (GI) is name or sign used on certain products which correspond to
specific geographical location or origin. It is used for agricultural, natural and manufactured goods having special quality and established reputation.

Image result for Geographical Indication (GI)

Criteria for GI Tagging

For a product to get GI tag, it has to have a unique quality, reputation or characteristic which is attributable to its geographic origin.

Purpose of GI Tagging

The GI tag was primarily developed with the purpose of recognising the unique identity connecting different products and places.

Governing act

In India, GI tag is governed by Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act,1999.

Administering agency

This Act is administered by Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, who is also
Registrar of Geographical Indications.

Validity of a GI

The registration of a GI is valid for 10 years after which it needs to be renewed.

Significance of GI Tagging

Getting a GI tag helps a product to be marketed as exclusively from the geographical region it hails from, be it a food product, a beverage, a fruit, a handicraft, a handloom product or any other regionally exclusive entity.

These goods and products having tag are recognised for their origin, quality and reputation and gives it required edge in the global market. It also ensures that none can use their name, giving them exclusivity.

GI and International Conventions

GI is covered as element of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under Paris Convention for Protection
of Industrial Property. At international level, GI is governed by WTO’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).