About “State of food security and nutrition in the world” report
This joint report is issued annually by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, UNICEF, the World Food Programme and the World Health Organization. It presents the latest estimates on food insecurity, hunger and malnutrition at the global and regional levels.
“State of food security and nutrition in the world” report 2019 highlights
I. Regarding India
The number of obese adults in India has risen by a fourth in four years, from 24.1 million in 2012 to 32.8 million in 2016, while the country’s undernourished population has dropped by roughly the same fraction in 12 years, from 253.9 million in 2004-06 to 194.4 million in 2016-18.
The report has a section on economic growth in China and India, and its effect on poverty. Between 1990 and 2017, the two countries had an average GDP per capita growth rate of 8.6 per cent and 4.5 per cent respectively
In both countries, the increase in GDP per capita has been accompanied by poverty reduction. While China’s poverty rate declined from 88 per cent in 1981 to 0.7 per cent in 2015, India’s poverty reduction appeared to be relatively more modest, moving from 48.9 per cent in 1987 to 21.2 per cent in 2011, or to 13.4 per cent in 2015.
II. Global trends
1 .The 2019 edition continues to signal that significant challenges remain in the fight against food insecurity and malnutrition in all its forms.
2 .More than 820 million people in the world were still hungry in 2018, underscoring the immense challenge of achieving the Zero Hunger target by 2030.
3 . Hunger is on the rise in almost all African subregions, making Africa the region with the highest prevalence of undernourishment. Hunger is also slowly rising in Latin America and the Caribbean, while Western Asia shows a continuous increase since 2010, with more than 12 percent of its population undernourished today.
4 . A greater focus on overweight and obesity, including child overweight and adult obesity, is needed to better understand the different dimensions of these nutrition challenges.
5 . The report calls for action to safeguard food security and nutrition through economic and social policies that help counteract the effects of such slowdowns and downturns – including guaranteeing funding of social safety nets and ensuring universal access to health and education. It calls for action, as well, to tackle inequalities at all levels through multisectoral policies making it possible to more sustainably avert food insecurity and malnutrition.