The term ‘The God particle’ was coined by the physicist Leon Lederman in his 1993 popular science book, The God Particle: If the Universe Is the Answer, What Is the Question? The particle that the book title refers to is the ‘Higgs boson’.
It is named after physicist Peter Higgs, who in 1964, along with five other scientists, proposed the mechanism to explain why particles have mass.
Peter Higgs (Nobel Prize laureate for his work on the mass of subatomic particles) has suggested that particles did not have mass just after Big Bang. As the universe cooled and temperature fell below the critical point, an invisible force field got formed which has been termed the Higgs Field.
The associated particles with the Higgs field have been termed the Higgs Boson. It has been theorized that any particle that interacted with these Higgs Boson got mass and those particles that were left out of the Higgs field remained massless.
As these Higgs Bosons have the capability to grant
mass, the primary condition for the existence of matter,they were termed as the God particle.
What does the Higgs boson have to do with God?
The Higgs boson has nothing to do with God. It was simply a snappy term to illustrate the ubiquitous effect of the Higgs field, and its importance in determining mass.