1. Answer: (c)
Statement 1 is correct:
The International Security Alliance (ISA) is an international working group to confront organised, transnational and extremist crimes.
Statement 2 is correct:
It was launched in 2017 in Abu Dhabi. The alliance comprises nine countries -Bahrain, Morocco, United Arab Emirates, France, Italy, Spain, Senegal, Singapore, and the Slovak Republic. Abu Dhabi hosted the International Security Alliance (ISAs) first joint security exercise named ISALEX19.
2. Answer: a
Jal Jeevan Mission, a central government initiative under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, aims to ensure access of piped water for every household in India.
The mission’s goal is to provide to all households in rural India safe and adequate water through individual household tap connections by 2024.
The Har Ghar Nal Se Jal programme was announced by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman in her Budget 2019-20 speech. This programme forms a crucial part of the Jal Jeevan Mission. The programme aims to implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, and rain water harvesting.
Ministry of Jal Shakti was formed in May 2019 . This was formed by merging of two ministries- Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
Statement 1 is correct:
Its executing agency is the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Jal Shakti Mantralaya. This Mission will focus on integrated demand and supply-side management of water at the local level, including the creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture.
Statement 2 is incorrect:
The mission objective is to ensure Har Ghar Jal (piped water supply) to all rural households by 2024 under the Jal Jeevan Mission.
3. Answer : d
India is home to several migratory species of wildlife including snow leopard, Amur falcons, bar headed Geese, black necked cranes, marine turtles, dugongs, humpbacked whales, etc. and has signed non legally binding MOU with CMS on the conservation and management of Siberian Cranes (1998), Marine Turtles (2007), Dugongs (2008) and Raptors (2016).
4. Answer : b
Koala’s habitat was severely damaged by the recent Australian bushfires.It is easily recognisable by its stout, tailless body and large head with round, fluffy ears and large, spoon-shaped nose.
5. Solution: d
The Act also has a special focus on the nutritional support to women and children. Besides meal to pregnant women and lactating mothers during pregnancy and six months after the child birth, such women will also be entitled to receive maternity benefit of not less than Rs. 6,000.
Children upto 14 years of age will be entitled to nutritious meals as per the prescribed nutritional standards.
In case of non-supply of entitled foodgrains or meals, the beneficiaries will receive food security allowance.
The Act also contains provisions for setting up of grievance redressal mechanism at the District and State levels.
Separate provisions have also been made in the Act for ensuring transparency and accountability.
G20 is a forum of 19 countries and the EU that together represent most of the world economy.
The 19 countries are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Republic of Korea, Republic of South Africa, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States of America.
The recent G20 summits have focused not only on macroeconomy and trade, but also on a wide range of global issues which have an immense impact on the global economy, such as development, climate change and energy, health, counter-terrorism, as well as migration and refugees.
The Summit of G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, who prepare the leaders’ summit and implement their decisions, was created as a response to the financial crisis of 2007–2008.
7. Solution (c)
In India capital punishment is a statutory provision, even though it is used in the rarest of rare cases.
The constitutional validity of the death penalty has been challenged many times. It was first
challenged in Jagmohan v. State of Uttar Pradesh in which the Hon’ble Supreme Court upheld its validity stating that the capital punishment itself was not unreasonable per se and neither was its abolition in the public interest and hence not violative of the Art. 19 of the Constitution.
It has been challenged many times since but the decision has remained same.
One of the most interesting developments that occurred with regard to the future of the death
penalty in India was a report of the 20th Law Commission in 2015. The law commission under
the chairmanship of Justice A. P. Shah recommended the abolition of death penalty in a swift
manner except in terror related cases.
8. Solution (c)
Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan is a unique concept developed by the Ministry of Human Resource
Development that aims to inculcate a spirit of inquiry, creativity and love for Science and
Mathematics in school children.
Under Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan, government schools will be mentored by Institutes like IITs/
IIMs/ IISERs and other Central Universities and reputed organisations through innovative
programmes, student exchanges, demonstrations, student visits, etc to develop a natural sense
of passion towards learning of Science and Maths.
9. Solution (d)
Six-Day War, also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War,
was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt (known at
the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria.
10.Answer : c
Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI)
CBHI compiles the National Health Profile based on the information received from various Ministries/Departments.
It was established in 1961 by the Act of Parliament on the recommendation of Mudaliar committee, is the Health Intelligence Wing under Directorate General of Health Services (Dte.GHS), Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW).