ANS 1 . b

Scheme for Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products (RoDTEP)

1 . Under this scheme a mechanism would be created for reimbursement of taxes/ duties/ levies, at the central, state and local level, which are currently not being refunded under any other mechanism, but which are incurred in the process of manufacture and distribution of exported products.

2. Under the Scheme an inter-ministerial Committee will determine the rates and items for which the reimbursement of taxes and duties would be provided.

3 . In line with “Digital India”, refund under the Scheme, in the form of transferable duty credit/electronic scrip will be issued to the exporters, which will be maintained in an electronic ledger.

4 . The Scheme will be implemented with end to end digitization.

5 . The refunds under the RoDTEP scheme would be a step towards “zero-rating” of exports, along with refunds such as Drawback and IGST.

6 . This would lead to cost competitiveness of exported products in international markets and better employment opportunities in export oriented manufacturing industries.

7 . At present, GST taxes and import/customs duties for inputs required to manufacture exported products are either exempted or refunded. However, certain taxes/duties/levies are outside GST, and are not refunded for exports, such as, VAT on fuel used in transportation, Mandi tax, Duty on electricity used during manufacturing etc. These would be covered for reimbursement under the RoDTEP Scheme.

8 . The sequence of introduction of the Scheme across sectors, prioritization of the sectors to be covered, degree of benefit to be given on various items within the rates set by the Committee will be decided and notified by the Department of Commerce (DoC).

9 . The rebate would be claimed as a percentage of the Freight On Board (FOB) value of exports.

10 . A monitoring and audit mechanism, with an Information Technology based Risk Management System (RMS), would be put in to physically verify the records of the exporters.

11 . As and when the rates under the RoDTEP Scheme are announced for a tariff line/ item, the Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS) benefits on such tariff line/item will be discontinued.

ANS 2 . d

National Creche Scheme

1 . National Creche Scheme (earlier named as Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme) is being implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme through States/UTs with effect from 1.1.2017 to provide day care facilities to children (age group of 6 months to 6 years) of working mothers.

2 . Early Stimulation for children below 3 years and pre-school Education for 3 to 6 years old children.

3 . Supplementary Nutrition

4 . Growth Monitoring

5. Health Check-up and Immunization

6 . Crèches shall be open for 26 days in a month and for seven and half (7-1/2) hours per day.

7 . The number of children in the crèche should not be more than 25 per crèche with 01 Worker and 01 helper respectively.

8 . User charges to bring in an element of community ownership and collected as under:
BPL families – Rs 20/- per child per month.
Families with Income (Both Parents) of upto Rs. 12,000/- per month – Rs. 100/- per child per month
Families with Income (Both Parents) of above Rs. 12,000/- per month – Rs. 200/- per child per month.

ANS 3 . a

Great Indian Bustard

1 . The Great Indian Bustard  which is one of the heaviest flying birds has long been on the brink of extinction.
2 .  It is found mainly in the Indian subcontinent.
3 .  It was once distributed throughout Western India, spanning 11 states, as well as parts of Pakistan. Its stronghold was once the Thar desert in the north-west and the Deccan plateau of the peninsula. But today, its population is confined mostly to Rajasthan and Gujarat. Barely 150 of these birds are estimated to be surviving now globally.
4 .  Listed in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection)Act, 1972, in the CMS Convention and in Appendix I of CITES, as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
5 .  It has also been identified as one of the species for the recovery programme under the Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, and Climate Change, Government of India.

ANS 4 . d

Government Owned Contractor Operated (GOCO) model

The GOCO model was one of the recommendations of the Lt. Gen. DB Shekatkar (Retd.) committee to ―enhance combat capability and re-balance defence expenditure.

The Indian Army has recently started identifying potential industry partners to implement the Government Owned Contractor Operated (GOCO) model for its base workshops and ordnance depots.
The tasks undertaken by these workshops include depot-level repairs; overhaul of T-72 and T-90, guns, mortars and small arms, vehicles, communication systems, radars, air defence systems, armoured personnel carriers; manufacture of spares and overhaul of aviation rotables.

ANS 5 . c

‘Artificial Human’ Project NEON

NEON is a portmanteau of Neo (New) and Human. Samsung has developed artificial intelligence avatars that are virtually indistinguishable from real humans.They are computationally created virtual being that looks and behaves like a real human, with the ability to show emotions and intelligence.