1) Solution (a)
It is a Military Logistics Support Agreements (MLSA) between India and Russia.
The Russian agreement gives India access to its facilities in the Arctic region which is seeing increased global activity as new shipping routes are opening up and resources are becoming available.

2. Solution (a)

3. Solution (a)
Scaly-foot Gastropod or Scaly-foot Snail, also known as Sea Pangolin, is a species of deep-sea hydrothermal-vent snail, a marine gastropod mollusc.
This vent-endemic gastropod is known only from deep-sea hydrothermal vents in the Indian Ocean, where it has been found at depths of about 2,400–2,800 m.
In 2019, it was declared Endangered on the IUCN Red List, the first species to be listed as such due to risks from deep-sea mining of its vent habitat that also produce high-quality metal ores.

4. Solution (c)
Colistin is an antibiotic for therapeutic purpose in veterinary. But the drug is highly misused in poultry industry as a growth promoter for prophylactic purpose.One of the reason for antibiotic resistance in India is due to unwanted use of Colistin in poultry industry.

The antibiotic is being used as a last resort for treatment of patients suffering from infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria.

In exercise of powers conferred by section 26A of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 the government has prohibited manufacture, sale and distribution of Colistin and its formulations for food producing animals, poultry, aqua farming and animal feed supplements.

5. Solution (c)
Interferometers are investigative tools used in many fields of science and engineering. They are called interferometers because they work by merging two or more sources of light to create an interference pattern, which can be measured and analyzed; hence ‘Interfere-o-meter’, or interferometer.

The interference patterns generated by interferometers contain information about the object or phenomenon being studied. They are often used to make very small measurements that are not achievable any other way. This is why they are so powerful for detecting gravitational waves–LIGO’s interferometers are designed to measure a distance 1/10,000th the width of a proton.

6.Solution (d)

Atal Jyoti Yojana (AJAY)

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) launched the Atal Jyoti Yojana (AJAY) to illuminate dark regions through establishment of solar street lights. It is a sub scheme under off –grid and decentralized solar application scheme of Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Govt. of India.

The Phase I was implemented during September 2016- March 2018. The Phase II is being implemented during 2018-19 and 2019-20.

Implementation agency
Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) has been entrusted to implement the scheme.

Funding allocation
The total cost of the scheme is Rs 583 crore. MNRE will provide 75% of the cost of street lights and remaining 25% will come from Member of Parliament Local Area Development funds (MPLADS).

7. Solution (a)

A lunar eclipse happens when the Sun, the Earth, and the Moon are aligned in a line and the Earth is between the Sun and the Moon blocking the sunlight from reaching the Moon.

Penumbral lunar eclipse-It happens when the three bodies are imperfectly aligned and usually this eclipse is mistaken as a full moon.In this the Moon moves through the faint, outer part of Earth‘s shadow.

Partial Lunar Eclipse – A portion of the Moon passes through Earth’s umbral shadow.

Total Lunar Eclipse – The entire Moon passes through Earth’s umbral shadow

8. Solution (d)
State Energy Efficiency Index 2019 tracks the progress of Energy Efficiency (EE) initiatives in 36 states and union territories based on 97 significant indicators.

The index is developed by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) in association with Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy (AEEE).

It will help states contribute towards national goals on energy security and climate action by helping drive EE policies and program implementation at the state and local level, tracking progress in managing the states‘ and India‘s energy footprint and institutionalising the data capture and monitoring of EE activities by states.

The State Energy Efficiency Index 2019 incorporates qualitative, quantitative and outcome-based indicators to assess energy efficiency initiatives, programs and outcomes in five distinct sectors – buildings, industry, municipalities, transport, agriculture, and DISCOMs.

New indicators for this year include adoption of Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) 2017, energy efficiency in MSME clusters, etc.

For rational comparison, States/UTs are grouped into four groups based on aggregated Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) required to meet the state‘s actual energy demand (electricity, coal, oil, gas, etc.) across sectors.

TPES grouping shall help states compare performance and share best practices within their peer group.

9. Solution (a)
At the recently concluded 93rd edition of the Akhil Bharatiya Marathi Sahitya Sammelan, a resolution was passed demanding the declaration of Marathi as a Classical‘ language.

The Sammelan, an annual conference of Marathi writers, was started in 1878, and over the years has been headed by leading Marathi intellectuals.

Currently, six languages enjoy the Classical status: Tamil (declared in 2004), Sanskrit (2005), Kannada (2008), Telugu (2008), Malayalam (2013), and Odia (2014).
Odia is the latest addition to the list.

10. Solution (a)

India placed 117th among 190 countries on the Women Business and the Law (WBL) 2020 Index to measure economic empowerment of women, released by World Bank recently.

India scored 74.4 on a par with Benin and Gambia and way below least developed countries like Rwanda and Lesotho.

The global average was 75.2 — a slight increase from 73.9 in the previous index released in 2017.

The Index is based on the countries formal laws and regulations that have a bearing on women‘s economic participation, covering eight areas (eg, parenthood, equality of pay).

Only eight economies scored a perfect 100 — Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Latvia, Luxembourg, and Sweden.