SOLUTION OF M.I.C.S. SHOTS UPSC PRELIMS 2020 ENVIRONMENT PART- IV

1 . Solution (c)

The Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 was amended in 2006 to provide for constituting the National Tiger Conservation Authority responsible for implementation of the Project Tiger plan to protect endangered tigers.

The National Tiger Conservation Authority is set up under the Chairmanship of the Minister for Environment and Forests.

The Authority will have eight experts or professionals having qualifications and experience in wildlife conservation and welfare of people including tribals, apart from three Members of Parliament of whom two will be elected by the House of the People and one by the Council of States.

The Inspector General of Forests, in charge of project Tiger, will be ex-officio Member Secretary.

2 . Solution (c)

3 . Solution (b)

Grain by Grain report is the complete assessment of the environmental performance of the fertilizer industry in India.

4. Solution (c)

Also known by its scientific name Allium Sativum, Kodaikanal Malai Poondu (Kodaikanal Hill Garlic) is known for its medicinal and preservative properties.
It has anti-oxidant and anti-microbial potential, which is attributed to the presence of higher amount of organosulfur compounds, phenols and flavonoids compared to other garlic varieties.
It is grown in the Kodaikanal Hills, Dindugul district, Tamil Nadu.
The Geographical Indications Registry has recently granted the Geographical Indication (GI) tag to Kodaikanal Malai Poondu (Kodaikanal Hill Garlic).
Kodaikanal Hill Garlic cultivation is done twice in a year, one around May and for second time in November depending upon the suitability of the climate.
Altitude of the hills,  misty condition and the soil prevailing in the Kodaikanal region are responsible for its medicinal property and the long storage shelf life of the garlic.

5 .Solution (c)

Sathyamangalam tiger reserve in Erode district of Tamil Nadu,recently received the best managed tiger reserve award from the Union ministry of environment, forest and climate change.

6 .Solution (c)
Green Bonus is a new term in the environmental parlance denoting the money which is to be given for the effort made by a country, state or community for preservation of green cover.
It is a compensation to be given to the people for the sacrifices they have made in preserving the green cover, which not only benefits them, but also benefits others nearby and humanity as a whole.
Eleven States belonging to the Himalayan Region recently sought a ‘Green Bonus’ from the Centre considering their contributions to environmental conservation.
The Himalayan states were also at a disadvantage because large swathes of land fell into eco-sensitive zones where all sorts of development activities could not be carried out.

7 .Solution (b)

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is one among the two tiger reserves in the country — the other is the Tadoba-Andhari reserve in Maharashtra — that has seen increased man-animal conflict in recent years.
While traditionally, tigers have killed more people in the Sunderbans than anywhere else, areas in and around the Tadoba and Pilibhit reserves have seen the more recent examples of chronic conflict.

8 .Solution (a)
Elephant census will be conducted once in 5 years under the aegis of Project Elephant.
The last elephant census was conducted in 2017.
Karnataka has the highest number of elephants (6,049), followed by Assam (5,719) and Kerala (3,054).

9 . Solution (c)
The knotweed, known as Polygonum molle (Sikkim knotweed), which has been recently reclassified as Koenigia mollis, has begun spreading along many streams and rivulets in the upper Nilgiris, especially around Doddabetta, Kodappamund, Adasolai and the Ketti Valley.
It is native to the Himalayas and its spread has potentially threatening biodiversity along streams and rivers.
It can cover huge expanses of land, leaving little to no space for other native plant species to grow.

10 . Solution (b)
Naegleria Fowleri is a single celled organism known as the brain eating amoeba.
It is a heat-loving amoeba, known for striking swimmers during sweltering summer temperatures (it prefers temps up to 115°F/46°C).