Keibul Lamjao National Park , UPSC PRELIMS 2015

First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions

QUES . Which of the following National Parks is unique in being a swamp with floating vegetation that supports a rich biodiversity?
(a) Bhitarkanika National Park
(b) Keibul Lamjao National Park
(c) Keoladeo Ghana National park
(d) Sultanpur National park

ANSWER. (b) Keibul Lamjao National Park

Keibul Lamjao National Park

The Keibul Lamjao National Park  is a national park in  the state of Manipur .It is the only floating park in the world. It is an integral part of Loktak Lake.

The national park is characterized by many floating decomposed plant materials locally called phumdis. To preserve the natural refuge of the endangered Manipur Eld’s deer or brow-antlered deer (Cervus eldi eldi), or sangai also called the dancing deer, listed as an endangered species by IUCN, the park which was initially declared to be a sanctuary in 1966, was subsequently declared to be a national park in 1977.

The park is a swamp with floating mass of vegetation created by accrual of organic garbage and biomass with soil particles that has been thickened into a solid form called phumdis, at the south–eastern side of the Loktak Lake, which has been declared a Ramsar site. Two thirds to three fourths of the total park area is formed by phumdis.

The distinctive nature of the park is that it is “too deep to be marsh, too shallow to be a lake”.