POLITY FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-1

Q1 . With reference to Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), which of the following statement is not true?
a) The President determines the composition of Union Public Service Commission
b) The jurisdiction of UPSC can be extended by the Parliament
c) The UPSC is not consulted while making reservations of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens
d) The members of UPSC can relinquish their offices at any time by addressing their resignation to their Chairman

Q2 . With regard to National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), which of the following statement in incorrect?
a) The commission is not empowered to inquire into any matter after the expiry of one year from the occurrence of violation of human rights
b) It has no power to punish the violators of human rights, nor to award any relief including monetary relief to the victim
c) NHRC does not have suo motu powers to look into violation of human rights
d) It has all the powers of a civil court and its proceedings have a judicial character.

Q3 . With reference to Election Commission of India, consider the following
1. The President has the power to increase/decrease the number of election commissioners in the Election Commission
2. In case of difference of opinion between the Chief Election Commissioner and other election commissioners, the matter is decided by the Chief Election Commissioner
3. The Election commission conducts elections to the office of the President and Vice-President
Which of the above statement[s] is/are correct?
a) 1 Only
b) 1 and 3 Only
c) 1, 2 and 3
d) None

Q4 . In India, which of the following is/are not considered as Constitutional bodies?
1. National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
2. National Commission for Minorities
3. National Human Rights Commission
4. Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities
5. Advocate General of the State
Select the correct code
a) 2 and 3 Only
b) 1, 4 and 5
c) 2, 3 and 4
d) 2, 3, 4 and 5

Q5 . Central Administrative Tribunal(CAT) was setup to provide speedy and inexpensive justice to the aggrieved public servants. With regard to CAT, which of the following statements is incorrect?
a) Provisions for establishment of Tribunals in India was provided by 42nd Amendment Act of 1976
b) Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985 authorises the Parliament to establish one Central administrative tribunal and the state administrative tribunals
c) CAT is guided by the principles of natural justice not by procedure laid down in the Civil Procedure Code of 1908
d) An aggrieved public servant cannot approach the Supreme Court directly against an order of the CAT, without first going to the concerned High court

Q6 . According to the Constitution of India, it is the duty of the President of India to cause to be laid before the Parliament which of the following?
1. The Recommendations of the Union Finance Commission
2. The Report of the Public Accounts Committee
3. The Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General
4. The Report of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes
5. The Report of the Central Vigilance Commission
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
a) 1 and 3 only
b) 2 and 4 only
c) 1, 2, 3 and 4
d) 1, 3, 4 and 5

Q7 . Consider the following:
a) Union Public Service Commission is the central personnel agency in India
b) Both Central Vigilance Commission and Union Public Service Commission can be consulted by the government while taking disciplinary action against a civil servant
Which of the above statement[s] is/are correct?
i) 1 only
j) 2 only
k) Both 1 and 2
l) Neither 1 nor 2

Q8 . The National Commission for Scheduled Castes is required to investigate and monitor all matters relating to the constitutional and legal safeguards of
1. Other Backward Classes
2. Anglo-Indian Community
3. Scheduled Tribes
4. Scheduled Castes
Select the correct code
a) 3 and 4 only
b) 1 and 4 only
c) 1 only
d) 1, 2 and 4

Q9 . In India, other than ensuring that public funds are used efficiently and for intended purpose, what is the importance of the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)?
1. CAG exercises exchequer control on behalf of the Parliament when the President of India declares national emergency/financial emergency.
2. CAG reports on the execution of projects or programmes by the ministries are discussed by the Public Accounts Committee.
3. Information from CAG reports can be used by investigating agencies to press charges against those who have violated the law while managing public finances.
4. While dealing with the audit and accounting of government companies, CAG has certain judicial powers for prosecuting those who violate the law.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a) 1, 3 and 4 only
b) 2 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q10 . Consider the following:
1. A State Human Rights Commission can inquire into violation of human rights only in respect of subjects mentioned in the State List and the Concurrent List of the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution
2. The chairperson and members of a State Human Rights Commission are appointed and removed by the Governor
Which of the above statement[s] is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2