POLITY FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , SOLUTION OF TEST-5

1 . c
Inner Line Permit (ILP) is an official travel document required by Indian citizens residing outside certain ―protected‖ states while entering them.
The ILP is issued by the Government of India and is obligatory for all those who reside outside the protected states.
With the ILP, the government aims to regulate movement to certain areas located near the international border of India.

2 . b
The Act stated that, No child shall be employed or permitted to work in any occupation or process.
But it exempts the following:
1. A child helps his family or family enterprise, which is other than any hazardous occupations or processes set forth in the Schedule, after his school hours or during vacations.
2. A child works as an artist in an audio-visual entertainment industry, including advertisement, films, television serials or any such other entertainment or sports activities except the circus, subject to such conditions and safety measures, as may be prescribed.

3 . c
Under Article 341:
The President may with respect to any State or Union territory, and where it is a State after consultation with the Governorthereof, by public notification, specify a caste as a Scheduled Caste.
Parliament may by law include in or exclude from the list of Scheduled Castes specified in a notification issued under 341 (1)

4 . b
Adjournment Motion is introduced in the Parliament to draw attention of the House to a definite matter of urgent public importance, and needs the support of 50 members to be admitted.
As it interrupts the normal business of the House, it is regarded as an extraordinary device.
It involves an element of censure against the government and hence Rajya Sabha is not permitted to make use of this device.
The discussion on an adjournment motion should last for not less than two hours and thirty minutes.
Adjournment is different from the Adjournment Motion

5 . c
The Constitution authorises the Parliament to form new states or alter the areas, boundaries or names of the existing states without their consent.

6 . a
Parliament, till now, has not made any special law to exhaustively codify all the privileges.
They are based on five sources, namely,
1. Constitutional provisions,
2. Various laws made by Parliament,
3. Rules of both the Houses,
4. Parliamentary conventions, and
5. Judicial interpretations.

7 . c
Calling Attention Motion is introduced in the Parliament by a member to call the attention of a minister to a matter of urgent public importance, and to seek an authoritative statement from him on that matter.
It can be introduced in any house of the parliament.
Like the zero hour, it is also an Indian innovation in the parliamentary procedure and has been in existence since 1954.
However, unlike the zero hour, it is mentioned in the Rules of Procedure.

8 . a

9 . c
The Foreigners‘ Tribunals are quasi-judicial bodies meant to ―furnish opinion on the question as to whether a person is or is not a foreigner within the meaning of Foreigners Act, 1946‖.
Section 9 of the Foreigners Act says that ―the onus of proving that such person is not a foreigner or is not a foreigner of such particular class or description, as the case may be, shall, not withstanding anything contained in the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, lie upon such person‖.

10 . a
The Constitution does not specify the qualifications, tenure, salaries and allowances, service conditions and procedure for removal of the Special officer for linguistic minorities.