ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-1

QUES 1. Consider the following statements with respect to Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary:
1.It is India’s first wildlife sanctuary with golden langur as the primary species.
2. It is situated in Tripura.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

QUES 2. Consider the following statements with respect to Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary:
1. It is located in Bhagalpur District of Bihar.
2. It is the only natural habitat of Gangetic dolphins in India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

QUES 3. Polar bears are carnivores and prey on many arctic birds and fish. However, under natural conditions, no one found polar bears predating any penguin. This is because
(a) penguins have chemical substances in their muscles which is toxic to polar bears
(b) penguins are gregarious and always move in groups. Therefore, a polar bear cannot approach them
(c) polar bears and penguins never coexist under natural conditions. The former lives in North Pole while the latter lives in the South Pole
(d) polar bears and penguins display symbiotic relationship and they help each other for their existence in the ice-cold ecosystem

QUES 4. Consider the following statements with respect to ‘impressed tortoise’, recently discovered in Arunachal Pradesh.
1.Impressed Tortoise is an elusive, medium-sized species that inhabits moist, primary forests of hilly tracts of the Indo- Burma hot-spot.
2 . It is listed as ‘Vulnerable’ in the IUCN Red List
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

QUES 5. Consider the following statements with respect to Arogyapacha:
1. Arogyapacha (Trichopus zeylanicus) is a highly potent medicinal plant endemic to the Agasthya hills.
2. This ‘miracle plant’ is known for its traditional use by the Kani tribal community to combat fatigue.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

QUES 6. Which among the following statements with respect to ‘Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary’ is incorrect?
(a) The sanctuary is a part of the Krishna estuary.
(b) It has extensive mangrove and dry deciduous tropical forest.
(c) It is home to the critically endangered white-backed vulture and the long billed vulture.
(d) It is the second largest stretch of mangrove forests in India.

QUES 7.Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Rhizoctonia solani’
1. It is a plant pathogenic bacterium endemic to India.
2. It causes the Sheath Blight disease in rice.
Select the correct statements
a) 1 Only
b) 2 Only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

QUES 8.Consider the following statements with respect to ‘International Whaling Commission (IWC)’
1. IWC has adopted a moratorium on commercial whaling.
2 . It allows non-zero whaling quotas for aboriginal subsistence
3. Japan is the only country who opposes a moratorium on commercial whaling.
Select the correct statements
a) 1 Only
b) 1 & 2 Only
c) 2 & 3 Only
d) 1 , 2 & 3

QUES 9.Consider the following statements with respect to Hope Island:
1. Hope Island is a small tadpole shaped Island situated off the coast of Kakinada in Bay of Bengal.
2. It is a part of the Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary.
3. It is a relatively young island, formed in the last 200 years into a 16-kilometre-long sand spit from the sand carried by the waters of Krishna delta.
Select the incorrect statements
a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) 1 and 3
d) All of the above

QUES 10. Consider the following statements:
1. Among the 29 species of turtles around the world, there are 20 in Assam alone.
2. Western Ghats and the Northeast are the two main biodiversity hotspots for turtles.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2