ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-4

QUES 1 . Which among the following statements with respect to National Tiger Conservation Authority is incorrect?
(a) The Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 was amended in 2006 to provide for constituting the National Tiger Conservation Authority.
(b) National Tiger Conservation Authority is responsible for implementation of the Project Tiger.
(c) The National Tiger Conservation Authority is set up under the Chairmanship of the Prime Minister.
(d) The Inspector General of Forests, in charge of project Tiger, will be ex-officio Member Secretary.

QUES 2 . Consider the following statements with respect to ‘International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)’
1 . Its headquarters are in Gland, Switzerland.
2 . Through the Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas and the system of IUCN protected area categories IUCN influences how protected areas are managed.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

QUES 3 . Consider the following statements with respect to India State of Forest Report 2019:
1 . Maharashtra has maximum bamboo bearing area among states.
2 . Maximum tree diversity has been found in
northeastern states.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

QUES 4 . Consider the following statements with respect to Kodaikanal Malai Poondu (Kodaikanal Hill Garlic):
1 . It has anti-oxidant and anti-microbial potential, which is attributed to the presence of higher amount of organosulfur compounds, phenols and flavonoids compared to other garlic varieties.
2 . The Geographical Indications Registry has recently granted the Geographical Indication (GI) tag to Kodaikanal Malai Poondu (Kodaikanal Hill Garlic).
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

QUES 5 . Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve is located in which of the following states?
(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Kerala
(c) Tamil Nadu
(d) Karnataka

QUES 6. Consider the following differences between Turtle and Tortoise:
1) Tortoises are land dwelling animals, while turtles are water-dwelling animals
2) Tortoises are found mostly in Asia and Africa, and some species in South America’s Galápagos Islands, while turtles are mainly found in Africa and America
3) Tortoises are mainly herbivorous, carnivorous or omnivorous i.e. mostly are carnivorous or omnivorous. Turtles are primarily herbivorous animals and few are omnivorous.
4) Turtles feet are short and sturdy with bent legs
Which of the above given difference(s) is/are not correct?
a) All of the above
b) 1 and 3 only
c) 3 and 4 only
d) 2 and 4 only

QUES 7. Consider the following statements with respect to man-animal conflict in recent years:
1 . Namdapha Tiger Reserve and Pakke Tiger Reserve the two tiger reserves in the country— that has seen most of the man-animal conflict in recent years.
2 . Traditionally tigers have killed more people in the Sunderbans than anywhere else.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

QUES 8. Consider the following statements:
1. Elephant Census in India is conducted once in 5 years under the aegis of Project Elephant.
2. According to 2017 Census, Assam has the highest number of elephants and Tamil Nadu has the least number of elephants.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

QUES 9. Why a knotweed Polygonum molle native to Himalayas is often mentioned in the news?
a. It yields an alkaloid useful in treatment of hepatitis.
b. It is an indicator of air pollution.
c. It is invasive and reduces the availability of land for the native species
d. None of the above

QUES 10. Naegleria Fowleri sometimes seen in the news is a:
a. Frog species
b. Brain eating amoeba
c. Spider species
d. Snake species