ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-10

Q 1 . Government of India encourages the cultivation of ‘sea buckthorn’. What is the importance of this plant?   [UPSC 2012]
1 . It helps in controlling soil erosion and in preventing desertification.
2 . It is a rich source of biodiesel.
3 . It has nutritional value and is well-adapted to live in cold areas of high altitudes.
4 . Its timber is of great commercial value.
Which of the statements given above is /are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q 2 . Consider the following kinds of organisms :
1 . Bacteria         [UPSC 2012]
2 . Fungi
3 . Flowering plants
Some species of which of the above kinds of organisms are employed as biopesticides?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q 3 . Consider the following areas:  [UPSC 2012]
1 . Bandipur
2 . Bhitarkanika
3 . Manas
4 . Sunderbans
Which of the above are Tiger Reserves?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) l, 2, 3 and 4

Q 4 . In which one among the following categories of protected areas in India are local people not allowed to collect and use the biomass?    [UPSC 2012]
(a) Biosphere Reserves
(b) National Parks
(c) Wetlands declared under Ramsar Convention
(d) Wildlife Sanctuaries

Q 5 . Consider the following kinds of organisms :
1 . Bat         [UPSC 2012]
2 . Bee
3 . Bird
Which of the above is/are pollinating agent/agents?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q 6 . Which one of the following groups of animals belongs to the category of endangered species? [UPSC 2012]
(a) Great Indian Bustard, Musk Deer, Red Panda and Asiatic Wild Ass
(b) Kashmir Stag, Cheetal, Blue Bull and Great Indian Bustard
(c) Snow Leopard, Swamp Deer, Rhesus Monkey and Saras (Crane)
(d) Lion-tailed Macaque, Blue Bull, Hanuman Langur and Cheetal

Q 7 . Which of the following can be threats to the biodiversity of a geographical area?   [UPSC 2012]
1 . Global warming
2 . Fragmentation of habitat
3 . Invasion of alien species
4 . Promotion of vegetarianism
Select the correct answer using codes given below :
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q 8 . Consider the following :    [UPSC 2012]
1 . Black-necked crane
2 . Cheetah
3 . Flying squirrel
4 . Snow leopard
Which of the above are naturally found in India?
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q 9 . A particular State in India has the following characteristics :    [UPSC 2012]
1 . It is located on the same latitude which passes through northern Rajasthan.
2 . It has over 80% of its area under forest cover.
3 . Over 12% of forest cover constitutes Protected Area Network in this State.
Which one among the following States has all the above characteristics?
(a) Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Assam
(c) Himachal Pradesh
(d) Uttarakhand

Q 10 . Biodiversity forms the basis for human existence in the following ways : [UPSC 2011]
1 . Soil formation
2 . Prevention of soil erosion
3 . Recycling of waste
4 . Pollination of crops
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4