ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , SOLUTION OF TEST-12

1 . Solution (b)
Conservation International (CI)
It is a non-profit environmental organization headquartered in  Virginia,USA. Its goal is to protect nature as a source of food, fresh water, livelihoods and a stable climate.

2 . Solution (c)

3 . Solution (a)

4 . Solution (d)

5 . Solution (d)

“Biodiversity Heritage Sites” (BHS)
Under Section 37 of Biological Diversity Act, 2002 (BDA) the State Government in consultation with local bodies may notify in the official gazette, areas of biodiversity importance as Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS).
“Biodiversity Heritage Sites” (BHS) are well defined areas that are unique, ecologically fragile ecosystems – terrestrial, coastal and inland waters and, marine having rich biodiversity comprising of any one or more of the following components: richness of wild as well as domesticated species or intra-specific categories, high endemism, presence of rare and threatened species, keystone species, species of evolutionary significance, wild ancestors of domestic/cultivated species or their varieties, past pre-eminence of biological components represented by fossil beds and having significant cultural, ethical or aesthetic values and are important for the maintenance of cultural diversity, with or without a long history of human association with them.

6 . Solution (d)

7 . Solution (d)

The status of  Pygmy Hog, Kondana Rat and Forest Owlet has been changed from  Critically Endangered (CR) to Endangered (EN)

8 . Solution (c)

9 . Solution (a)

Appendix – I of CITES

10 . Solution (a)

The  IUCN Status of  Irrawaddy dolphins is   Endangered (EN).