ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-11

Q 1 . With reference to India, consider the following Central Acts:  [UPSC 2011]
1 . Import and Export (Control) Act, 1947
2 . Mining and Mineral Development (Regulation) Act, 1957
3 . Customs Act, 1962
4 . Indian Forest Act, 1927
Which of the above Acts have relevance to/bearing on the biodiversity conservation in the country?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(d) None of the above Acts

Q 2 . Which one of the following is not a site for in-situ method of conservation of flora? [UPSC 2011]
(a) Biosphere Reserve
(b) Botanical Garden
(c) National Park
(d) Wildlife Sanctuary

Q  3 . Consider the following statements:[UPSC 2011]
1 . Biodiversity is normally greater in the lower latitudes as compared to the higher latitudes.
2 . Along the mountain gradients, biodiversity is normally greater in the lower altitudes as compared to the higher altitudes.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 4 . Three of the following criteria have contributed to the recognition of Western Ghats-Sri Lanka and Indo-Burma regions as hotspots of biodiversity:
1 . Species richness
2 . Vegetation density
3 . Endemism
4 . Ethno-botanical importance
5 . Threat perception
6 . Adaptation of flora and fauna to warm and humid conditions
Which three of the above are correct criteria in this context?  [UPSC 2011]
(a) 1, 2 and 6
(b) 2, 4 and 6
(c) 1, 3 and 5
(d) 3, 4 and 6

Q 5 . Two important rivers — one with its source in Jharkhand (and known by a different name in Odisha), and another, with its source in Odisha — merge at a place only a short distance from the coast of Bay of Bengal before flowing into the sea. This is an important site of wildlife and biodiversity and a protected area.    [UPSC 2011]
Which one of the following could be this?
(a) Bhitarkanika
(b) Chandipur-on-sea
(c) Gopalpur-on-sea
(d) Simlipal

Q 6 . A sandy and saline area is the natural habitat of an Indian animal species. The animal has no predators in that area but its existence is threatened due to the destruction of its habitat. Which one of the following could be that animal?   [UPSC 2011]
(a) Indian wild buffalo
(b) Indian wild ass
(c) Indian wild boar
(d) Indian gazelle

Q 7 . The Himalayan Range is very rich in species diversity. Which one among the following is the most appropriate reason for this phenomenon? [UPSC 2011]
(a) It has a high rainfall that supports luxuriant vegetative growth
(b) It is a confluence of different bio-geographical zones
(c) Exotic and invasive species have not been introduced in this region
(d) It has less human interference

Q 8 . The “Red Data Book” published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) contain lists of:  [UPSC 2011]
1 . Endemic plant and animal species present in the biodiversity hotspots.
2 . Threatened plant and animal species.
3 . Protected sites for conservation of nature and natural resources in various countries.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1 and 3
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 3 only

Q 9 . National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) is
1. An autonomous organization
2. A statutory organization
3. A regulatory organization
Select the correct code
(a) 1 and 2
(b) Only 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q 10 . Consider the following statements:
1. Eurythermal organisms can tolerate and thrive in wide range of temperature.
2. Warm blooded animals can maintain a constant body temperature even when the surrounding temperature is changing.
3. Stenothermal organisms are restricted to a small range of temperature.
4. Cold blooded animals generally hibernate to protect themselves from extreme climatic conditions.
Which of the above statements are correct:
a) 1 and 3
b) 2 and 4
c) All of the above
d) None of the above