ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-12

Q 1 . Consider the following statements about ‘Conservation International’:
1. It is an international organization under Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
2 . Its aim is to protect nature as a source of food, fresh water, livelihoods and a stable climate.
3. Biodiversity Hotspots is an initiative of Conservation International.
Select the correct statement/s
a) 1 & 3 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 2 only
d) 3 only

Q 2 . Which among the following technologies was used in All India Tiger Estimate-2018:
1 . CaTRAT (Camera Trap Data Repository and
Analysis Tool)
2 . Spatially explicit capture–recapture (SECR)
method
3 . Cytochrome-b marker
4 . Maximum Entropy Models (MaxEnt)
codes:
(a) 1 & 2
(b) 2 , 3 & 4
(c) 1 , 2 , 3 & 4
(d) 1 , 2 & 3

Q 3 . Consider the following statements about TX2:
1 . Its goal was to double the number of wild
tigers across their geographical areas.
2 . UNEP is implementing the programme in 13 tiger range countries.
Select the correct statement/s
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both
d) None

Q 4 . Which among the following Tiger Reserves
lies in Nallamala hill
(a) Mudumalai
(b) Sathyamangalam
(c) Nagarahole
(d) Nagarjunasagar Srisailam

Q 5 . The State Government in consultation with local bodies may notify the areas of biodiversity importance as Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS). Which of the following statements regarding BHS is/are correct?
1. In order to get BHS tag, the area should have 10 or 0.5% of the vascular endemic species.
2. 70% of the biodiversity in the area should have been destroyed.
Select the code from following:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 6 . The Central Zoo Authority of India (CZA) is the body of the government of India responsible for oversight of zoos. Which of the following statements are correct regarding CZA?
1. It is a statutory body
2. It is an affiliate member of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA)
3. It regulates the exchange of animals of endangered category Listed under Schedule-I and II of the Wildlife Protection Act among zoos.
Select the code from following:
a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) 1 and 3
d) All of the above

Q 7 . Which among the following belong to the Critically Endangered (CR) category of IUCN’s Red Data Book?
(a) Pygmy Hog
(b) Kondana Rat
(c) Forest Owlet
(d) None of the above

Q 8 .Consider the following statements about  Evolutionarily Distinct and Globally Endangered (EDGE) species:
1 . EDGE species are often the only surviving member of their genus or even higher taxonomic rank.
2 . Elephants and pandas are examples of EDGE species.
Select the correct statement/s
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both
d) None

Q 9 . Consider the following statements about Indian peacock softshell turtles:
1 . They are categorised as Vulnerable in IUCN Red list.
2 . It is listed in schedule-I of the Wildlife Protection Act and Appendix – II of CITES.
Select the correct statement/s
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both
d) None

Q 10 . Consider the following statements:
1 . The  IUCN Status of  Ganges Dolphin is Endangered (EN).
2 . The  IUCN Status of  Irrawaddy dolphins is Vulnerable
Select the correct statement/s
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both
d) None