ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-13

Q 1 . Which among the following species of turtle is/are critically endangered according to Red Data Book of IUCN?
1 . Bengal Roof Turtle
2 . Hawksbill Turtle
3 . Assam Roofed Turtle
Codes:
(a) 1 & 2 only
(b) 1 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 2 & 3 only

Q 2 . Consider the following statements about  Pangolins (scaly anteaters) :
1 . Pangolins are the most trafficked wildlife species in the world (CITES Appendix 1).
2 . Commonly known as  the toothless animal.
3 . They are the only mammals wholly-covered in scales.
4 . The Indian Pangolin is under “Critically Endangered” category of IUCN Red List whereas Chinese Pangolin is “ Endangered”.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 & 2
(b) 1 & 4
(c) 1 , 2 & 3
(d) 2 & 3

Q 3 .Which among the following is incorrect with respect to Orangutans:
(a) Orangutans are one of the world’s three surviving species of great apes
(b) They are native to Bangladesh and Myanmar.
(c) IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) status : Critically Endangered (CR)
(d) CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status: Appendix 1

Q 4 . Which among the following Tiger Reserves is part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve?
(a) Bhadra Tiger Reserve
(b) Periyar Tiger Reserve
(c) Nagarahole Tiger Reserve
(d) Parambikulam Tiger Reserve

Q 5 . Consider the following statements about Gold-Coated Fungi:
1 . The fungi attaches gold to their strands by dissolving and precipitating particles from their
surroundings through a process of oxidization.
2 .  Here gold serves as a protective agent helping the fungus to adapt in extreme environments.
Select the correct statement/s
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both
d) None

Q 6 . Consider the following statements with respect to Henneguya salminicola:
1 . It is a multicellular animal with no mitochondrial DNA
2 .It is a non-oxygen breathing animal.
Select the correct statement/s
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both
d) None

Q 7 .Which among the following statements about Flame Throated Bulbul is incorrect?
(a)It is the State bird of Goa.
(b)It is also called as Rubigula.
(c) It was chosen as the mascot for 36th National
Games  in Goa.
(d) It is a Schedule I bird, according to Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Q 8 . Which among the following statements about Chinkara gazelles  is incorrect?
(a) It survives  in the wet habitats and found mostly near wetlands.
(b) Their IUCN Status is Least Concern
(c) Recently Karnataka’s State Board for Wild Life has notified Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife sanctuary
in Tamakuru District.
(d) Karnataka is home to 3 species out of the 6 species of antelopes in India including black
bucks, four-horned antelope and Chinkaras.

Q 9 . Consider the following statements:
1 . Red snow is  caused due to a unicellular photosynthetic alga species, Chlamydomonas nivalis.
2 . Chlamydomonas nivalis exists in snow in the polar and glacial regions, and carries a red pigment (carotenoids) to synthesize food chemosynthetically.
Select the correct statement/s
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both
d) None

Q 10 . Consider the following statements about extraocular vision:
1 . It is the ability to see without eyes.
2. Sea urchin species and Red brittle star have extraocular vision.
Select the correct statement/s
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both
d) None