ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-14

Q 1 .Which among the following protected areas is not situated in Telangana?
(a) Papikonda National Park
(b) Amrabad Tiger Reserve
(c) Kawal Tiger Reserve
(d) Mahadayi Wildlife Sanctuary

Q 2 . Consider the following statements about elephant conservation:
1. Under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 ,Elephant is a Schedule I animal.
2. Asian elephants are listed as “endangered” in the IUCN Red List of threatened species.
3. Project Elephant is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?
a) 2 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) All the above
d) None

Q 3 . Western Ghats has very rich biodiversity as compared to Eastern Ghats, because –
1. Western ghats are continuous mountains.
2. Western Ghats is area of high orographic precipitation.
3. Many major rivers have its source at Western Ghats.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a) 2 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

Q 4 . Which among the following species  are endemic to India?
1. Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros
2. Lion Tailed Macaque
3. Nilgiri Tahr
Select the correct answer using the codes below:
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

Q 5 . Consider the following pairs:
Zone  :   Activities
1. Core : The core zone is to be kept-free from all human pressures external to the system.
2. Transition  : uses and activities include restoration, demonstration sites for enhancing value addition to the resources, limited recreation, tourism, fishing and grazing.
3. Buffer :  zone of cooperation where conservation, knowledge and management skills are applied
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) All the above

Q 6 . Consider the following statement about Red Data Book.
1. Increase in the number of red pages indicates increase in number of critically endangered species.
2. Increase in number of green page indicates the increase in conservation efforts.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None

 Q 7 . Which of the following state animals are correctly matched?
1. Clouded leopard–Arunachal Pradesh
2. Uttarakhand – Musk Deer
3. Barahsingha- Madhya Pradesh
Select the code from following:
a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) 1 and 3
d) All of the above

Q 8 . Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Flagship species?
1. A flagship species is a species selected to act as an ambassador, icon or symbol for a defined habitat, issue, campaign or environmental cause.
2. Only Keystone species are selected as Flagship species so that other species are also benefitted.
Select the code from below:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 9 . The Great Hornbill is a near threatened species, and is on the IUCN red list. Which of the following statements is NOT true about them?
a) It’s the State bird of both Arunachal Pradesh and Kerala
b) They are unique to the Western Ghats
c) Sound of their take off is akin to the start of the steam locomotive of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway
d) None

Q 10 . Consider the following pairs in relation to schedules under Wildlife Protection Act, 1972:
Schedule :  Description
1. Schedule I :  includes the animals which may be hunted
2. Schedule II and III :  provides for absolute protection of species and high penalties
3. Schedule IV and V :  species are also protected, but the penalties are much lower
4. Schedule VI :  includes plants that are prohibited for cultivation and planting
Which of the pairs given above is/are incorrectly matched?
a) 1 only
b) 1 and 3 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3