ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-18

Q 1 . Which among the following is included in 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
1. Gender Inequality
2. Affordable and clean energy
3. Combat desertification
4. End of nuclear energy
5. Clean water and sanitation
6. Food security
Select the correct code
a) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6
b) 2, 3, 5 and 6
c) 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6
d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Q 2 . Which of the following are initiatives taken by government to reduce the emission of Sulphur dioxide?
1. It is one of the pollutants being measured in Air Quality Index.
2. Increasing cess on coal production to Rs 400 per tonnes.
3. Implementation of Bharat Stage Norms.
4. Including Sulphur dioxide in the hazardous gas list.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) 2 and 3 only
b) 1 and 3 only
c) 1, 2 and 3 only
d) All the above

Q 3 . Consider the statements with regard to Energy Conservation and Building Code (ECBC), 2017.
1. It prescribes the energy performance standards for all new and old commercial buildings of India.
2. To be considered ECBC- compliant building needs to demonstrate minimum energy savings of 25%.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 4 . Which of the following statements regarding Methanol is not correct?
a) It can be produced from natural gas.
b) It is a biodegradable fuel.
c) Similar to hydrocarbon fuels, it is not soluble in water.
d) It can be blended with ethanol and gasoline.

Q 5 . Consider the following statements:
1. An aerosol is a suspension of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
2. Examples of anthropogenic aerosols are fog, dust, forest exudates and geyser steam.
3. Examples of natural aerosols are haze, particulate air pollutants and smoke.
4. Aerosol contributes to global warming.
Which of the given statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 4 only
d) All the above

Q 6 . Consider the following statements about Pet Coke or Petroleum coke:
1. Pet coke is a solid carbon rich material derived from oil refining.
2. It is cleaner alternative to coal and emits 11% less greenhouse gas.
3. India is the world’s largest producer of pet coke.
4. It has the least Sulphur content among fossil fuels.
Select the incorrect statements using the codes given below.
a) 2 and 3 only
b) 1, 2 and 3 only
c) 2, 3 and 4 only
d) None

Q 7 . Consider the following technologies
1. Bio-energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS).
2. Biochar
3. Carbon capture and storage
4. Ocean fertilization
Which of the above is/are Negative Emission Technologies?
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 only
c) 1, 3 and 4 only
d) All the above

Q 8 . Consider the following statements regarding Ozone hole:
1. It is a region in the stratosphere where no ozone gas is present.
2. It is caused by CFCs and bromine only
3. Montreal protocol is related to substances that deplete ozone layer
Which of the above statements are incorrect?
a) 1 and 3
b) 2 and 3
c) 1 and 2
d) None of the above

Q 9 . Which of the following statements about ocean acidification are incorrect?
1. Ocean acidification is the ongoing increase in the pH of the Earth’s oceans, caused by the uptake of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere
2. It increases the concentration of hydrogen ions and decreases the concentration of carbonate ions.
3. Ocean acidification leads to seawater pH go below 7
Select the code from following:
a) 1 and 2
b) Only 2
c) 1 and 3
d) Only 3

Q 10 . Which among the following statements is/are true about Talanoa Dialogue?
1. It is an important international conversation in which countries will check progress and seek to increase global ambition to meet the goals of the Paris Climate Change Agreement.
2. The Dialogue was launched at the UN Climate Change Conference COP23 in Bonn.
Choose the correct answer:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2