ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-19

Q 1 . Identify the incorrect pair from the below:
Financial Mechanism  :  Associated Convention
a) Green Climate Fund (GCF) : COP 16 held in Cancun
b) Global Environment Facility (GEF) Fund : eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit
c) Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) : Kyoto Protocol in 2001
d) Adaptation Fund (AF) : Paris Convention 2015

Q 2 . Consider the following statements about National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC):
1 . It is a Central Sector Scheme set up in the year 2015-16.
2 .  The projects related to adaptation in sectors such as agriculture, animal husbandry, water, forestry, tourism etc. are eligible for funding under NAFCC.
3 . State Bank of India is the National Implementing Entity (NIE).
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

Q 3 . Consider the following statements and select the correct one:
a) Decreasing levels of ozone in the stratosphere will lead to reduction in the levels of smog in major cities.
b) Decreasing levels of ozone in the stratosphere will lead to increase in the occurrence of skin cancer in humans.
c) Decreasing levels of ozone in the stratosphere will lead to reduction in rate of global warming.
d) Decreasing levels of ozone in the stratosphere will lead to increase in photosynthetic activity of phytoplankton.

Q 4 . Global Environment Facility provides grants for projects related to:
1. Climate change
2. Ozone layer
3. International waters
4. Land degradation
5. Persistent Organic Pollutants
Choose correct answer from the code given below:
a) 1, 3, 4 and 5 only
b) 1, 4 and 5 only
c) 1, 2, 4 and 5 only
d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Q 5 . Which of the following substances are Ozone depleting substances?
1. Methyl Chloroform
2. Hydrochlorofluorocarbons
3. Methyl Bromide
4. Methyl Iodide
Select the correct answer using the codes:
a) 1, 2 and 3 only
b) 1, 2 and 4 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) All of the above

Q 6 . Consider the following statements regarding Earth Hour:
1. It is a worldwide movement organized by UNEP and UNESCO.
2. The event is held worldwide annually encouraging individuals, communities, households and businesses to turn off their essential lights for 2 hours.
3. It is held annually to raise awareness about the climate change and the need to save the planet.
Choose the correct codes:
a) 1 and 3
b) 2 and 3
c) 2 only
d) 3 only

Q 7 . The Earth Summit resulted in which of the following documents:
1. Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
2. Agenda21
3. Forest Principles
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) 1, 2 and 3
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 1 only
d) 2 only

Q 8 . With regard to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) consider the following statements:
1. These are also known as “Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”.
2. The SDGs build on the principles agreed upon in entitled “The Future We Want”.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None

Q 9 . ‘Our Common Future’ report released by
a) Brundtland Commission.
b) UN Conference on the Human Environment
c) United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
d) General Assembly Special Session on the Environment

Q 10 . With regard to World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002) consider the following statements:
1. It is also known as Rio+10 conference.
2. It was held in Rio de Janeiro.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None