ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-21

Q 1 . ‘BioCarbon Fund Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes’ is managed by the
(a) Asian Development Bank
(b) International Monetary Fund
(c) United Nations Environment Programme
(d) World Bank

Q 2 . Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Kigali Agreement?
1. It is an amendment in Kyoto protocol.
2. As per the agreement, member countries are expected to reduce the manufacture and use of Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) by roughly 80-85% from their respective baselines, till 2045.
Select the code from below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 3 . Consider the following statements:
1. Ozone is generally formed in upper stratosphere and sinks to lower stratosphere.
2. Ozone is measured in Dobson Unit in stratosphere.
Which of the above statements are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 4 . Consider the following statements about the
“National Mission for a Green India”:
1. To regenerate at least 4 million ha of degraded forest.
2. Increase density of forest cover on 2 million ha of moderately dense forest
3. Overall increase the density of forest and tree cover on 10 million ha of forest, waste, and community lands
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 1 & 2
(c) Only 1 & 3
(d) All of the above

Q 5 . GHGs are beneficial for the human existence as without it the earth would have been cooler, and far too cold for life to exist. But few GHGs are generated only through anthropogenic activities such as:
1. Methane
2. Nitrous oxide
3. Sulfur hexafluoride
4. Perfluorocarbons
Which of the facts given above are correct?
(a) Only 2, 3 & 4
(b) Only 1, 2 & 3
(c) Only 3 & 4
(d) Only 1 & 4

Q 6 . Consider the following statements about the
various programmes and activities initiated by Bureau of Energy Efficiency:
1. GOI has launched the Perform, Achieve and Trade Scheme to enhance energy efficiency in large energy-intensive industries and facilities.
2. The Bachat Lamp Yojana under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of UNFCCC as a public initiative.
3. The initiatives are applicable to public industries only.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 1 & 2
(c) Only 2 & 3
(d) All of the above

Q 7 .  Consider the following statements related to the advantages of Clean Development Mechanism:
1. Provide credits to developing countries for technology transfer.
2. The prices of credits are flexible as it crowds out legitimate projects.
3. Benefit developed countries more as they provide technological and environmental markets.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Only 1 & 3
(d) Only 2 & 3

Q 8 . Which of the following industries could be
negatively affected by global warming?
1. Insurance
2. Food processing industry
3. Wool industry
4. Alcoholic beverages and soft drinks
Select the correct code:
(a) Only 2 & 3
(b) Only 2, 3 & 4
(c) Only 1 & 4
(d) All of the above

Q 9 . The carbon credits can also be traded on exchanges like Carbon Trade Exchange, which is like a stock exchange for carbon credits. Which among the following are such exchanges?
1. The European Climate Exchange.
2. NASDAQ OMX Commodities Europe
3. Commodity Exchange Bratislava.
Select the correct code:
(a) Only 1 & 2
(b) Only 1 & 3
(c) Only 2 & 3
(d) All of the above

Q 10 . Consider the following statements about GRIHA RATING System.
1. Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) is India’s national rating system for Green buildings.
2. GRIHA rating system consists of 34 criteria but does not include criteria such as Site Selection and Site Planning.
3. GRIHA is a 100 point system consisting of some core points, which are mandatory, while the rest are optional.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) Only 1 & 2
(b) Only 2 & 3
(c) Only 1 & 3
(d) All of the above