ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-22

Q 1 . Which among the following statements is incorrect with respect to Jal Jeevan Mission:
(a) It is a 100 percent centrally sponsored scheme.
(b) The Mission was announced in  2019.
(c)  The chief objective of the Mission is to provide piped water supply (Har Ghar Jal) to all rural households by 2024.
(d) It aims to create local infrastructure for rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household waste water for reuse in agriculture.

Q 2 . Consider the following statements with respect to National Ganga Council (NGC):
1 .  Created in 2016 under the River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities Order, 2016, dissolving the National Ganga River Basin Authority.
2 . It is headed by the  Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b)  2 only
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d) None

Q 3 . Which among the following is included in  Namami Gange Programme :
1 . Afforestation
2 . River-Front Development
3 . Bio-Diversity
(a) 1 & 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 , 2 & 3
(d) None

Q 4 . Consider the following statements with respect to Green Credit scheme:
1 .  It allows “forests” to be traded as a commodity.
2 .  It allows the Forest Department to outsource one of its responsibilities of reforesting to non-government agencies.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b)  2 only
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d) None

Q 5 . Which among the following statements is incorrect with respect to India’s Cooling Action Plan (ICAP)
(a) India is the first country in world to develop such a document.
(b) Reduction of cooling demand across sectors by 50 % by year 2037-38.
(c) Reduction of refrigerant demand by 25% to 30% by year 2037-38.
(d) Reduction of cooling energy requirements by 25% to 40% by year 2037-38.

Q 6 . Consider the following statements with respect to Forest-PLUS 2.0:
1 . UNEP and India’s Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) have launched Forest-PLUS 2.0.
2 .It focuses on developing tools and techniques to bolster ecosystem management and harnessing ecosystem services in forest landscape management.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b)  2 only
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d) None

Q 7 . Consider the following statements with respect to Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) Himalayan programme:
1 . The Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) programme being carried out in the himalayan states jointly by Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE) and ENVIS.
2 . The programme was launched in 2016 to address the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in India’s Himalayan states.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b)  2 only
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d) None

Q 8 . Consider the following statements with respect to Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+):
1 . REDD+ is a mechanism developed by Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
2 . It creates a financial value for the carbon stored in forests.
3 . Developing countries would receive results-based payments for results-based actions.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 & 2
(b) 2 & 3
(c) 1 , 2 & 3
(d) 3 only

Q 9 . Which among the following statements is incorrect with respect to Compensatory Afforestation Fund and Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) Act?
(a) To compensate the loss of forest area and to maintain the sustainability, the Government of India came up with  CAMPA Act.
(b) The law establishes the National Compensatory Afforestation Fund under the Contingency Fund of India, and a State Compensatory Afforestation Fund under the Contingency Fund of each state.
(c) According to the Act’s provision, a company diverting forest land must provide alternative land to take up compensatory afforestation.
(d) The act also seeks to establish National and State Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authorities to manage the funds.

Q 10 . Consider the following statements with respect to Environment Impact Assessment (EIA):
1 . Environment Impact Assessment in India is statutory backed by the Environment Protection Act in 1986.
2 . On the basis of the conclusion of EIA process, the government can decide if a project should be given environment clearance or not.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b)  2 only
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d) None