ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-23

Q 1 . According to the National Policy on Biofuels-2018 which among the following statements is incorrect?
(a) It envisages an indicative target of 5% blending of ethanol in petrol and 20% blending of bio-diesel in diesel by 2030.
(b) The Policy expands the scope of raw material for ethanol production by allowing use of broken rice, Rotten Potatoes, unfit for human consumption for ethanol production.
(c) The Policy encourages setting up of supply chain mechanisms for biodiesel production from non-edible oilseeds, Used Cooking Oil, short gestation crops.
(d) The Policy allows use of surplus food grains for production of ethanol for blending with petrol with the approval of National Biofuel Coordination Committee.

Q 2 . According to the National Policy on biofuels 2018 which among the following pairs is incorrect?
1 .First Generation biofuel : bioethanol
2 .Second Generation biofuel : ethanol
3 .Third Generation biofuel : bio-CNG
(a) 1 & 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 , 2 & 3
(d) None

Q 3 . Consider the following statement regarding India’s National ‘Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation’ (REDD+) Strategy:
1. National REDD+ Strategy will be implemented by dividing country in 14 physiographic regions for covering all trees within forest areas only.
2. All the required funding for National REDD+ strategy will come from Green climate fund.
3. National Governing Council of REDD+ will be chaired by the Prime Minister at the national level.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None of the above

Q 4 . Consider the following statements about the newly notified Solid Waste Management Rules:
1. The responsibility of segregation lies on the waste collector.
2. These rules only apply to municipal areas and exclude SEZs and defence establishments
Which of the above statement is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 5 .  The ‘Travel & Tourism Competitiveness’ Report is released by
(a) World Economic Forum
(b) Economist Intelliegnce Unit
(c) The Lonely Planet
(d) UNESCO

Q 6 . Global Carbon Project is a research project of which of the following?
a) World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
b) Centre for International Climate and Environmental Research
c) Future Earth
d) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Secretariat

Q 7 . The Ministry of Environment, forest and climate change is nodal agency of the following:
1. International centre for integrated mountain development.
2. Global environment facility
3. Economic and social council for Asia and Pacific
Choose correct option from below:
a) 1 only
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 2 only
d) All of the above.

Q 8 . Consider the following statements about Living Root Bridges:
1 . These are aerial bridges built by weaving and manipulating the roots of the Indian rubber tree.
2 . They have been serving as connectors for generations in Kerala.
Which of the above statement is/are incorrect?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 9 . Which among the following statements is incorrect with respect to Bacteriophages?
(a)  They are the viruses that can kill the bacteria.
(b)  They are comprised of a protein capsule around an RNA or DNA genome.
(c)  They are very rare viruses and are seldom found.
(d)  They are seen as a possible therapy against multi-drug-resistant strains of many bacteria.

Q 10 . Consider the following statements about   coalbed methane (CBM):
1 . It is an unconventional form of natural gas found in coal deposits or coal seams.
2 . It is formed during the process of coalification.
3 . It can be used as feedstock for fertilisers.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 & 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 , 2 & 3
(d) None