ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , SOLUTION OF TEST-25

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Champions of the Earth is the United Nations highest environmental honour. The award celebrates outstanding figures from the public and private sectors and from civil society whose actions have had a transformative, positive impact on the environment.

Young Champions of the Earth is a forward-looking prize designed to breathe life into the ambitions of brilliant young environmentalists. Each year, six winners – one from each of UN Environment’s global regions – receive $15,000 in seed funding as well as intensive training and tailored mentoring.

UN Environment is a founding partner of the SEED Awards, which support innovative, small-scale and locally driven entrepreneurs around the globe who integrate social and environmental benefits into their business models.

For more than 20 years, the UN Environment Sasakawa Prize recognized outstanding individuals and organizations for their contributions to the protection of the environment and the promotion of sustainable development.

5 . Solution (c)

The Faith for Earth Initiative

Following a series of initiatives and conventions organized in partnership with faith-based organizations, UN Environment launched the Faith for Earth Initiative in November 2017. The goal of Faith for Earth is to strategically engage with faith-based organizations and partner with them to collectively achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and fulfill the objectives of the 2030 Agenda.

Faith for Earth has three main goals: to inspire and empower faith organizations and their leaders to advocate for protecting the environment, to green faith-based organizations’ investments and assets to support the implementation of SDGs, and to provide them with knowledge and networks to enable their leaders to effectively communicate with decision-makers and the public.

Mission

“To encourage, empower and engage with faith-based organizations as partners, at all levels, toward achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and fulfilling the 2030 Agenda.”

Vision

A world where everything is in balance.

Shared values that spell CREATION

C: Communication – Effective communication at all levels between all stakeholders.

R: Respect – All spiritual and religious beliefs are respected.

E: Empower – Empower and engage all stakeholders.

A: Act – Act in coherence with individual reflection and communal beliefs.

T: Transform – Transform people’s behaviour for a more responsible lifestyle inspired by their own faiths.

I: Inspire –Inspire innovative approaches to achieve the 2030 Agenda.

O: Organize – Organize knowledge and other resources related to faiths and sustainable development.

N: Network – Build a strong network between the UN and faith-based organizations.

Engaging faith-based organizations as partners to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals

Faith-based organizations have been recognized as key players in eradicating poverty, improving people’s health, protecting the environment and working toward sustainable development. Their agility is crucial, especially at the local level and with faith actors. FBOs are also sustainable institutions and, in recent years, policymakers have begun to engage them in environmental conservation and natural resources management.

Benefits of a Faith for Earth engagement

The networks of faith-based organizations and faith leaders cross continents and political boundaries, making it a viable and practical means to achieve sustainable development. Tapping into the spiritual wealth of people and their beliefs accelerates people’s engagement and the organizational drive to contribute. Mobilizing the financial assets and practices of faith-based funding institutions responds directly to the Addis Ababa Action Agenda for financing sustainable development.

One of the most important challenges is building trust around common objectives, rather than pushing the perceived secular views of the UN. Basic principles for engagement must be established and made clear to all partners in a transparent manner. Also, the secular position of the UN provides a neutral space for interreligious and intercultural dialogue.

Faith for Earth is an equitable engagement. All major faiths, along with indigenous spirituality, are represented in a transparent and balanced manner.

6 . Solution (a)

Edscottite is an iron carbide mineral, with the formula Fe5C2. It was previously known to occur during iron smelting, but in 2019 was identified as occurring in nature when it was discovered in a meteorite.

The source, the Wedderburn meteorite, was found in 1951 just outside Wedderburn in Australia, and is held in the Museums Victoria collection.

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