ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-26

Q 1 . Which among the following is related with Arctic
(a) MOSAiC
(b) IndARC
(c) Himadri
(d) All of the above

Q 2 . Which among the following  is not an Indian station in Antarctica
(a) Dakshin Ganga
(b) Himadri
(c) Maitri
(d) Bharati

Q 3 . Thwaites Glacier is situated in
(a) Iceland
(b) Greenland
(c) Arctic
(d) Antarctica

Q 4 . Indian National Centre for Ocean Information
Services (INCOIS) is an autonomous organization under the
(a) Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
(b) Ministry of Earth Sciences
(c) Ministry of Science and Technology
(d) Ministry of Shipping

Q 5 . Consider the following statements about deep ocean mining ‘Samudrayaan’ project:
1 . It is a pilot project of the Ministry of Earth Sciences for deep ocean mining for rare minerals.
2 . It proposes to send men into the deep sea in a submersible vehicle for ocean studies.
3 . The project is expected to become a reality by 2021-22.
4 . The project has been undertaken by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT).
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 & 2
(b) 2 , 3 & 4
(c) 1 , 2 & 3
(d) 1 , 2 , 3 & 4

Q 6 . Consider the following statements about Polymetallic nodules:
1 . They are also known as manganese nodules  and are potato-shaped, non porous nodules found in abundance carpeting the sea floor of world oceans in deep sea.
2 . Besides manganese and iron, they contain nickel, copper, cobalt, lead, molybdenum, cadmium, vanadium, titanium, of which nickel, cobalt and copper are considered to be of economic and strategic importance.
3 . It is envisaged that 10% of recovery of that large reserve can meet the energy requirement of India for the next 100 years.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None of the above

Q 7 . Consider the following statements about International Seabed Authority (ISA):
1 . It is an international organization established in
1994 under the United Nations Convention on
the Law of the Sea.
2 .  The ISA is headquartered in Kingston, Jamaica.
3 . India is a member of ISA.
4 . The Authority’s main legislative accomplishment to date has been the adoption, in the year 2000, of regulations governing exploration for polymetallic nodules.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 & 2
(b) 2 , 3 & 4
(c) 1 , 2 & 3
(d) 1 , 2 , 3 & 4

Q 8 . Consider the following statements about  International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS)
1 . It oversees the official geologic time chart.
2 . It is a subordinate body of the International Union of Geological Sciences.
Which of the above statement is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 9 . Which among the following statements with respect to geochronology is correct ?
(a) Era  comprises of  half a billion years or more
(b) Eon comprises of tens to ~one hundred million years
(c) Period  comprises of several hundred million years
(d) Epoch comprises of  tens of millions of years

Q 10 . Consider the following statements about Anthropocene:
1 . The Anthropocene  is a proposed geological epoch dating from the commencement of significant human impact on Earth’s geology and ecosystems.
2 . Both the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS) and the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) have officially approved the term as a recognised subdivision of geologic time.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2