ENVIRONMENT FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-28

Q 1 . Green Economy Initiative is associated with
(a) World Bank
(b) Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIAB)
(c) United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
(d) Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Q 2 . With reference to ‘National Air Quality Index’,  consider the following statements:
1. It is a tool for effective dissemination of air quality information to people by describing as a ‘One Number- One Colour-One Description’
2. Carbon dioxide is a major parameter in the Air quality index.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 3 . Consider the following statements:
1. River Ganges is perennial because it is fed by the melting glacier
2. The perennial behaviour of Cauvery, Thamirabarani and Vaigai rivers are due to the presence of shola forests.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 4 . With reference to Methanol,  consider the following statements:
1. Methanol can be manufactured from natural gas and coal.
2. Methanol can be an alternative to conventional transportation fuels.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 5 . Which one of the following is not a correct statement?
(a) Carbon footprint is the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere as a result of the activities of a particular individual, organization, or community.
(b) Carbon sequestration enables the long-term storage of carbon.
(c) Photosynthesis is not a means for carbon sequestration
(d) There are artificial processes for carbon sequestration

Q 6 . With reference to Environmental Performance Index (EPI), consider the following statements.
1. It is a method of quantifying and numerically marking the environmental performance of a state’s policies.
2. It is developed by the organisation Global Footprint Network.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 7 . With reference to “star rating for cities”, sometimes seen in news, consider the following statements.
1. It is a star-rating initiative to rate cities on a 7-star rating system based on multiple cleanliness indicators for solid waste management.
2. Cities will need to get recertified themselves every year to retain their star-status.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 8 . Which one of the following statements is/are not correct?
(a) India is not a signatory to the Convention on Biological Diversity
(b) The World Heritage Convention does not have a bearing on the biodiversity
(c) The Montreal Protocol was designed to reduce the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances.
(d) Both (a) and (b)

Q 9 . Consider the following statements:
1. Aichi Targets is a short term plan, a ten-year framework for action by all countries to save biodiversity
2. Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety is the international regulatory framework for safe transfer, handling and use of Living Modified Organisms (LMOs)
3. The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ABS) is a supplementary agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q 10 . With reference to National Board for Wildlife (NBWL), consider the following statements:
1. It is established under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
2. It is a statutory body.
3. It is chaired by the Prime Minister.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3