M.I.C.S. CURRENT AFFAIRS MCQ 13th AUG,2020

Q 1 . Consider the following statements:
1 . India ranks first in both number of organic farmers and  in terms of area under organic farming.
2 . Mizoram has become the first State in the world to become fully organic.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d)  Neither 1 nor 2

Solution (d)

India ranks first in number of organic farmers and ninth in terms of area under organic farming. Sikkim became the first State in the world to become fully organic.

Source : PIB  13th Aug 2020

Q 2 . Which among the following may be associated with organic farming?
(a) Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North East Region (MOVCD)
(b)Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
(c) Agri-export Policy 2018
(d) All of the above

Solution (d)

With the aim of assisting farmers to adopt organic farming and improve remunerations due to premium prices, two dedicated programs namely Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North East Region (MOVCD) and Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) were launched in 2015 to encourage chemical free farming. With the simultaneous thrust given by the Agri-export Policy 2018, India can emerge as a major player in global organic markets.

Operational Recommendations under Agri-export Policy 2018

1 . Focus on Clusters : There is a need to evolve and put in place institutional mechanism for effective involvement and engagement of small and medium farmers for entire value chain as group enterprise(s) within cluster of villages at the block level for select produce(s). This will help to realize actual benefit and empowerment of farming community to double their income through entire value chain

2 . Promoting value added exports
Product development for indigenous commodities and value addition.
Promote value added organic exports.
Promotion of R&D activities for new product Development for the upcoming markets.
Skill development.

3 . Marketing and promotion of “Brand India”

4 . Attract private investments in export oriented activities and infrastructure.

5 . Establishment of Strong Quality Regimen

6 . Research and Development – Agricultural research and development (R&D) led by private industry along with higher infrastructure spend by the government will be the key to boosting agricultural exports.

7 . Miscellaneous – Creation of Agri-start-up fund: Entrepreneurs are to be supported to start a new venture in Agri products exports during their initial period of establishment.

Source : PIB  13th Aug 2020 and  Agri-export Policy 2018

Q 3 . Papum Reserve Forest (RF) is an Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) in
(a) Mizoram
(b) Arunachal Pradesh
(c) Tripura
(d) Manipur

Solution (b)

A study has flagged a high rate of deforestation in Papum Reserve Forest (RF), a major hornbill habitat in Arunachal Pradesh.

Papum Reserve Forest (RF) is an Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) in Arunachal Pradesh. It is located between two IBAs, Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary to the east and Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary to the west.

Papum Reserve Forest forms part of the Eastern Himalayas Endemic Bird Area. A large part of the site is covered by Sub-tropical Dry Evergreen and Semi-evergreen Forests, while the higher areas are under Subtropical Broadleaf Hill Forest cover.

Q 4 . Consider the following statements:
1 . World Elephant Day is observed every year on August 12.
2 . African elephants are listed as “Endangered” and Asian elephants as “Vulnerable” on the IUCN Red List of threatened species.
Which among the above statements is/are incorrect?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d)  Neither 1 nor 2

Solution (b)

African elephants are listed as “Vulnerable” and Asian elephants as “Endangered” on the IUCN Red List of threatened species.

The first World Elephant Day was observed on August 12, 2012.

Source  : Wikipedia

Q 5 . Consider the following statements:
1 . Indian Elephant has been listed in the Appendix I of the Convention of the Migratory species.
2 . India has the largest number of wild Asian Elephants.
Which among the above statements is/are incorrect?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d)  Neither 1 nor 2

Solution (d)

Q 6 . Consider the following statements:
1 . OSOWOG is India’s initiative to build a global ecosystem of interconnected renewable energy resources.
2 . ‘One Sun One World One Grid’ (OSOWOG) mantra was first given by Indian Prime Minister  in October 2018 while addressing the inaugural function of the 2nd Global RE-Invest meeting of the Indian Ocean Rim Association and the first assembly of the International Solar Alliance (ISA).
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d)  Neither 1 nor 2

Solution (c)

OSOWOG is India’s initiative to build a global ecosystem of interconnected renewable energy resources. The blueprint for the OSOWOG will be developed under the World Bank’s technical assistance programme that is implemented to accelerate the deployment of grid connected rooftop solar installations.

OSOWOG is planned to be completed in three phases. The first phase will entail interconnectivity within the Asian continent; the second phase will add Africa and the third phase will globalise the whole project.