CULTURE FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-01

Q 1 . Which of the following is/are the factors behind absence of significant architectural remains between Harappans and Mauryas?
1. Vedic period did not consider materialistic accomplishment as a prime goal, thus no significant architecture is present.
2. Most of the structures were made up of wood.
3. Occurrence of destruction of architectural places during frequent wars.
Codes:
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) All

Q 2 . Which of the following statements defines the
advantages of using Terracotta as a form of pottery?
1. Terracotta uses a far simpler and quicker process for creating the finished work with much lower material costs.
2. It helps in creating small details and realistic effects in the figure.
3. It allows formation of relatively large lifesize
figures.
Codes:
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) All

Q 3 . Which of the following is/are the features of
“Mauryan Pillars”?
1. The Pillars were made from locally available stones, leading to lack of uniformity.
2. Ashokan pillars were monolith unlike Achaemenid Pillars.
3. They were finely polished.
4. Animal capital was a major feature of the pillar.
Codes:
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1, 2 and 4
(c) 2, 3 and 4
(d) All

Q 4 . Which of the following statements are correct
about Stupa?
1. In Buddhism, Stupa represents Buddha himself.
2. The Hemispherical dome in the stupa represents “Fire”.
3. The Circumambulation of the stupa is performed clockwise, keeping stupa always to the right.
Codes:
(a) Only 1
(b) 1 and 2
(c) 1 and 3
(d) All

Q 5 . In which of the following temple making styles multiple shrines grouped around a central pillared hall and laid out in the shape of a intricately designed star?
(a) Odisha Art
(b) Pallava Art
(c) Hoysala Art
(d) Rashtrakuta Art

Q 6 . Which of the following statements is/ are correct about Ajanta caves?
1. They represent both Buddhist and Jain architecture.
2. The uniqueness of Ajanta lies in it’s blending of architecture, sculpture and painting.
3. The paintings in Ajanta draw their inspiration from Hindu Mythology and epics.
Codes:
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) 1 and 3
(d) All

Q 7. Which of the following are the features of
Sarnath Buddha sculpture?
1. Buddha is shown seated on a throne in lotus posture.
2. Panel below the throne depicts chakra.
3. Drapery is transparent creating an effect of volume.
4. Buddha is depicted with large foreheads and protruding eyeballs.
Codes:
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) All

Q 8 . Which of the following is/are the features of
Odisha style of Temple architecture?
1. The parabolic curve of the shikhara of the
sanctum is a striking specimen of the style.
2. Temples of Odisha generally have no  pillars and roofs were supported by iron girders.
3. Mukteswar temple is called as the “gem of Odishan architecture”.
Codes:
(a) Only 1
(b) 2 and 3
(c) All
(d) None

Q 9 . Which of the following Cave have the following features?
1. Ravana lifting Kailash
2. Trimurti
3. Wedding of Shiva
Identify the cave from the codes given below:
(a) The Ellora
(b) Udaygiri caves.
(c) Elephanta caves
(d) Nasik caves

Q 10 . Which of the following is/are the features of
“Khajuraho” temple architecture?
1. Temples are made up of locally fetched Granite.
2. Temple plan follows “Panchayatana” style.
3. Lakshman temple depicts a full fledged style of this temple architecture.
Codes:
(a) Only 1
(b) 1 and 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) All