CULTURE FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , SOLUTION OF TEST-02

Ans. 1 . (c)
Exp: Nataraja is a depiction of the God Shiva as the
cosmic dancer who performs his divine Tandava to destroy a weary universe and prepare for its renewal. Nataraja is the representation of reality at the time of cosmic destruction. The purpose of his dance is to
release the souls of all men from the snare of illusion. The place of the dance, Chidambaram, which is portrayed as the center of the universe, is actually within the heart.

Ans. 2 . (d)
Exp: The rock-cut caves are of two types, the one
with a stupa and worshipping hall called chaitya. The second type was characterized by the monastery called vihara. The Bhimbetka rock shelters, a World Heritage Site are an archaeological site of the
Paleolithic. The Kanheri Caves of rock-cut monuments demonstrate the Buddhist influence on the art and culture of India. The Badami cave are composed of four caves 2 of them are dedicated to God Vishnu, One to God Shiva and one is a Jain temple. The cut cave structure Badami cave temple is well famous for made of red sandstone on the
precipice of a hill. It is one of the best Indian
rock-cut architecture, other caves in Karnataka is Aihole cave.

Ans. 3. (c)
Exp: The Ochre Coloured Pottery culture (OCP) is
a 2nd millennium BC Bronze Age culture of the Indo-Gangetic Plain (Ganges-Yamuna plain). It is a contemporary of and successor to the Indus Valley Civilization. The OCP marked the last stage of the North Indian Bronze Age and was succeeded by the Iron Age black and red ware culture and the
painted gray ware culture. The culture reached the Gangetic plain in the early 2nd millennium. The pottery of this culture has been found all over upper Gangetic plains and shares many shapes with the Harappan ware.

Ans. 4. (a)
Exp: Ellora caves were built by the Rashtrakuta
dynasty (Brahmanical & Buddhist group of
caves) and Yadav (Jain group of caves).Ellora
is an UNESCO World Heritage Site. Hindu,
Buddhist and Jain rock-cut temples and
viharas and mathas were built between the
5th century and 10th century.
The Elephanta Caves are a network of
sculpted caves located on Elephanta Islandin
Mumbai Harbour. It consists of two groups of
caves-the first is a large group of five Hindu
caves, and the second, a smaller group of two Buddhist caves. The Hindu caves contain rock
cut stone sculptures, representing the Shaiva
Hindu sect, dedicated to the Lord Shiva.
The Kailas temple is one of the largest rockcut
ancient Hindu temples located in Ellora,
Maharashtra. A megalith carved out of one
single rock, it is considered one of the most
remarkable cave temples in India because of
its size, architecture and sculptural treatment.
The Kailas temple (Cave 16) is one of the 34
cave temples and monasteries known
collectively as the Ellora Caves. Its
construction is generally attributed to the 8th
century Rashtrakuta king Krishna I. The
temple architecture shows traces of Pallava
style.

Ans. 5. (a)
Exp: Unlike in South Indian temple style it does
not usually have elaborate boundary walls or
gateways.

Ans. 6. (d)
Exp: Kailashnath temple at Ellora represents
excellent example of cave architecture built by
Rashtrakutas.
Pallavas excelled in rock cut temple
architecture. The classic example is seven
Rath temples of Mahabalipuram.

Ans. 7. (d)

Ans. 8. (d)

Ans. 9. (d)

Ans. 10. (d)