CULTURE FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-02

Q 1 . Consider the following statements with respect to the depiction of Shiva as Nataraja:
1. Nataraja is a depiction of the God Shiva as the cosmic dancer who performs divine Tandava to destroy a weary universe and prepare for its renewal.
2. Nataraja is the representation of reality at the time of cosmic destruction.
3. The purpose of his dance is to release the souls of all men from the snare of illusion.
4. The place of the dance, Chidambaram, has been portrayed as the center of the universe.
Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a) Only 2
(b) 2 and 4
(c) All
(d) 3 and 4

Q 2 . Consider the following statements with respect to the rock-cut caves:
1. The Bhimbetka rock shelters, a World Heritage Site are an archaeological site of the Paleolithic.
2. The Kanheri Caves of rock-cut monuments demonstrate the Greek influence on the art and culture of India.
3. The Badami Caves are made of red sandstone and are dedicated to Hinduism and Buddhism.
4. The Mawsmai caves are made up of limestone caves and the only one cave in Meghalaya equipped with light.
Which of the above statements are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 3 and 4
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1 and 4

Q 3 . Consider the following statements with respect to the Ochre Coloured Pottery (OCP) Culture:
1. It is a Bronze Age culture of the Indus Plain (Beas-Sutlej).
2. The OCP culture was contemporary to Painted Gray Ware Culture of the Gangetic plain.
3. The pottery of this culture has been found all over upper Gangetic plains and shares many shapes with the Harappan ware.
Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a) 2 and 3
(b) 1 and 3
(c) Only 3
(d) All

Q 4 . Consider the following statements regarding
the cave architecture in western India:
1. The Ellora caves have monasteries associated with the three religions namely Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism.
2. The Elephanta caves were originally a Buddhist site which was later dominated by the Shaivite faith.
3. The Kailas temple at Ajanta is the world’s oldest single rock carved, multi-storeyed temple complex.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) All

Q 5. Consider the following statements about the
Nagara or the north Indian temple style:
1. The entire temple is to be built on a stone
platform with steps leading up to it.
2. The garbhagriha is always located directly under the tallest tower.
3. Similar to Dravidian or South Indian temple style it also has elaborate boundary walls or gateways.
Which of the above statements are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) All

Q 6 . Choose the correct statement(s):
1. Kailashnath temple at Ellora represents excellent example of cave architecture built by Pallavas.
2. Seven Rath temples of Mahabalipuram is an example of rock cut temple built by Rashtrakutas.
Codes:
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both
(d) None

Q 7 . Consider the following statements about Vesara style of temple architecture:
1. Vesara style contains elements of both Dravida and Nagara styles.
2. It is also called the Chalukyan or Deccan style of temple architecture.
3. The Hoysala temples are best examples of this style.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) All

Q 8 . Which of the following are the major subdivisions
of Nagara style of temples?
1. Rekha-prasada
2. Phamsana
3. Valabhi
Which of the statements given above are
correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) All

Q 9 . Consider the following statements about the
Mathura and Gandhara Schools of arts:
1. Buddha got a human form from the symbolic form in Mathura and Gandhara schools.
2. The Buddha image at Mathura is modelled on the lines of earlier Yaksha images.
3. Images of Vaishnava and Shaiva faiths are also found at Mathura.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Only 3
(d) All

Q 10 . The main architectural features of Odisha
temples are classified in which of the following orders?
1. Rekhapida
2. Pidhadeul
3. Khakra
Codes:
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) All