CULTURE FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-03

Q 1 . Which of the following statements related to
the Panchayatana is incorrect?
(a) Panchayatana is the one of the styles of temple architecture, flourished in late Gupta period.
(b) In Panchayatana style of temple architecture, the main shrine is built on a circular plint.
(c) Panchayatana style of temple architecture derives its name from the five shikaras of a temple built on this style.
(d) In Panchayatana style of temple architecture the subsidiaries shrines are placed in the temple along with main shrine.

Q 2 . Consider the following statements with respect to the Mathura School of Art:
1. The Mathura school has produced the first image of the Buddha.
2. The exclusive contribution of School outside India was the decoration of monasteries of Afghanistan.
3. Mathura school also produced many fine specimens of sculptures that include images of Brahmanical, Jain and Buddhist deities.
4. The life size sculptures of Yakshas, Yakshini are the finest work of this school.
Which of the above given statements are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 1 and 4

Q 3 . Consider the following statements about temple styles in India:
1. Nagara style temples have curvilinear towers as against Dravidian temples which have truncated pyramids.
2. The cruciform ground plan constitute the fundamental characteristic of a Dravidian temple.
Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 4 . Which of the following statements is/are correct about architecture of “Harappan Civilization”?
1. Residential buildings were located in the lower town.
2. A distinct feature of houses were presence of double storey marked with absence of “Courtyard”.
3. Privacy was of the highest concern, while building house.
4. Every house has it’s own bathroom and drainage link.
Codes:
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1, 3 and 4
(c) 1 and 4
(d) All

Q 5 . Which of the following contributions of different dynasties to the architectural development in India is/are correct?
1. Sunga Dynasty: Enlarged the Sanchi Stupa built during the reign of Ashoka.
2. Satvahanas Dynasty: Patronized the Amravati School of Sculpture.
3. Kushanas Dynasty: Monumental images of Yaksha, Yakhinis and animals formed the part of sculpture.
Codes:
(a) 1 and 2
(b) Only 2
(c) Only 3
(d) All

Q 6. The well-known seated figure of fasting Siddhartha of Gandhara School is depicted with hands in
(a) Bhumisparsa mudra
(b) Dharmachakra mudra
(c) Dhyana mudra
(d) Abhaya mudra

Q 7. Consider the following features about Vijaynagar temple architecture?
1. Temple pillars often have engravings of charging horses.
2. The Mandapas are built on square or polygonal plinths and have ornate stepped entrances on one side.
Which of the above statements are incorrect?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 8 . Consider the following features about Stucco Art:
1 . Stucco art was earliest seen in the Gandhara
region.
2 . Traditional stucco is made of lime, sand, and
water
Which of the above statements are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q 9 . In ancient times Karez system was related with:
(a) A type of soil management system.
(b) Supplying water through subterranean tunnels.
(c) A type of water efficient farming.
(d) A type of trade of foodgrains.

Q 10 . Jahaz Mahal  built by Sultan Ghiyasuddin Khilji is located in
(a) Surat in Gujarat
(b)  Mandu in Madhya Pradesh
(c) Bhubaneswar in Odisha
(d) Jaunpur in Uttar Pradesh