M.I.C.S. CURRENT AFFAIRS MCQ 16th AUG, 2020

Q 1 . Consider the following statements about ‘National Digital Health Mission (NDHM)’:
1 .Every Indian will have an Aadhar like ID card containing all relevant information about his/her medical conditions and treatments and tests.
2 . The vision of National Digital Health Mission is to create a national digital health ecosystem.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution (c)

Explanation

Why in news?

Prime Minister has launched the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) recently.

About National Digital Health Mission (NDHM)

Every Indian will have an Aadhar like ID card containing all relevant information about his/her medical conditions and treatments and tests.

The vision of National Digital Health Mission is to create a national digital health ecosystem which provides timely and efficient access to inclusive, affordable, and safe healthcare to all citizens.

SOURCE : NEWS ON AIR  Aug 16, 2020 

Q 2 . Consider the following statements about ‘Fit India Youth Club’:
1 . The Fit India Youth Club is a part of the Fit India Movement.
2 . This initiative brings together fitness and voluntarism.
3 . Each member of the club will motivate people from the community to take up fitness activities of 30 to 60 minutes in his or her daily routine.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 & 2
(d) 1 , 2 & 3

Solution (d)

Why in news?

Recently a nation-wide initiative of Fit India Youth Clubs was launched to promote fitness among every citizen on the occasion of Independence Day.

About Fit India Youth Club 

The Fit India Youth Club which is a part of the ‘Fit India Movement’ , endeavours to harness the power of youth to create mass awareness about the importance of fitness. This initiative brings together fitness and voluntarism in a unique way.

Under this initiative, 75 lakh volunteers of Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan and National Service Scheme, along with Scouts and Guides, National Cadet Corps and other youth organizations will come together to register as Fit India Youth Clubs in every block in the country, under the aegis of a district unit. Each member of the club will motivate people from the community to take up fitness activities of 30 to 60 minutes in his or her daily routine. Additionally, the clubs will organize and encourage schools and local bodies to organize one community fitness programme every quarter.

Only a fit citizen can contribute adequately to his or her country and help fellow citizens in their times of need. India is a country of 1.3 billion people, and there are 75 lakh youth volunteers already and this number will further go up to one crore very soon. These one crore volunteers can motivate at least 30 crore Indians in every nook and corner of the country to take up fitness activities regularly.

Fit India Freedom Run

One of the first initiatives that will be taken up by the Fit India Youth Clubs is to popularise the Fit India Freedom Run. It is a unique concept that allows participants to run at their pace and at their place and plan their own running routes. The run has already gathered momentum across the country.

SOURCE : NEWS ON AIR  Aug 16, 2020 

Q 3 . Consider the following statements about Second World War:
1 . Japan entered the war in September 1940 and was part of the Allied forces.
2 . The  Allied forces consisted of Japan , Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.
3 . 15 August 1945 is remembered in history as Victory in Japan or V-J Day.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 & 2
(d) 3 only

Solution (d)

Why in news?

15 August 1945 is remembered in history as Victory in Japan or V-J Day, when Allied forces mark their victory over Imperial Japan during World War II.

About V-J Day

Japan, which had entered the war in September 1940, was part of the Axis bloc– consisting of itself, Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, and had occupied several parts of Asia during the international conflict.

In May 1945, Axis powers in Europe had been defeated (the Victory in Europe or V-E Day is marked every year on May 8). Allied forces, however, continued fighting Japan in East Asia in the following months.

As a part of the British Empire, India also played a key role in the war with Japan– its troops helping secure Singapore and Hong Kong for the Allies in August 1945.

Things started changing rapidly after the US dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, and three days later, another one on Nagasaki, killing hundreds of thousands of people.

On August 15, the Japanese emperor Hirohito in his first radio address ever announced Japan’s surrender. V-J Day marked the complete end of World War II, and Japan formally signed surrender documents on September 2 that year.

Japanese rule in India

During the war, Japan had also forced its exploitative control over one of India’s territories.

Japanese forces landed in South Andamans on March 23, 1942 and in the next three to four hours gained complete control over the area. Japanese control over the Andamans coincided with Subhash Chandra Bose-led Indian National Army (INA)’s occupation over the area and the internal understanding between the two, ensured that the Japanese faced no resistance while trying to take over the Andamans.

Bose believed that India could never achieve independence without resorting to revolutionary forces, and held faith in acquiring help from international powers for expelling the British from Indian soil.

Once freed from the British, Bose convinced the Japanese to hand over the islands to him and consequently hoisted the tricolour there on December 30, 1943. He also named the islands Shaheed (martyr) and Swaraj (self-rule).

Soon after, however, things turned bitter as the Japanese force erupted over the island’s population with the kind of barbarity unheard of before, as administration remained only nominally in the hands of the INA. It is estimated that close to 2,000 Indians in the Andamans died as a result of Japanese brutality. Finally, the islands were again taken over by the British in October 1945.

V-J Day and India’s Independence Day

For almost two decades before India actually became independent, the country’s freedom fighters had been celebrating January 26 as “Poorna Swaraj Day”– after Congress leaders Jawaharlal Nehru and Bose pushed for complete independence from British rule over dominion status at the Lahore session of 1929-30.

But when independence finally arrived in 1947, British rulers coincided the date of transfer with the second anniversary of V-J Day, August 15. The historian Ramachandra Guha notes, “freedom finally came on a day that resonated with imperial pride rather than nationalist sentiment.”

Two years later when Indian leaders finished writing the country’s Constitution, it was decided to adopt the document on Poorna Swaraj Day in 1950 as it was associated with national pride. January 26 has since been celebrated as India’s Republic Day.

Source : INDIAN EXPRESS  August 15, 2020

Q 4 . Consider the following statements :
1 . National Biopharma Mission has been launched under Department of Biotechnology.
2 . Center for Biopharma Analysis is situated in Pune.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution (c)

Explanation

Why in news?

Recently Pune-based Center for Biopharma Analysis, has been inaugurated .

About Center for Biopharma Analysis

This centre is supported by the National Biopharma Mission of the Department of Biotechnology, DBT, and Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council, BIRAC.

It will provide high-quality analytical services to biopharmaceutical developers and manufacturers and create long lasting value for bio-entrepreneurs and industry.

CBA is expected to play a pivotal role in supporting biopharma innovations from academic and government research labs, startups and many Indian companies.

SOURCE : NEWS ON AIR  Aug 15, 2020 

Q 5 . National Institute of Social Defence is under
(a) Ministry of Home Affairs.
(b) Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
(c) Ministry of Culture
(d) Ministry of Defence

Solution (b)

Explanation

Why in news?

About National Institute of Social Defence

The National Institute of Social Defence was set up originally as Central Bureau of Correctional Services in 1961, under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Since 1975 the Institute was a subordinate office under the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.
It has become an Autonomous Body vide Government of India Notification of 2002 and is registered under Societies Act XXI of 1860 with the Government of NCT, Delhi.

NISD is the nodal training and research institute in the field of social defence which focuses on human resource development for drug abuse prevention, welfare of senior citizens and transgenders, beggary prevention, and other social defence issues.

It provides inputs for the social defence programmes to the Government of India.

It also conducts training and research in the field, apart from ensuring the implementation of various programmes under the National Action Plan for Drug Demand Reduction and National Action Plan for Senior Citizens.

NISD has three main divisions, namely National Centre for Drug Abuse Prevention (NCDAP), Old Age Care Division and Social Defence.

Source : PIB  14 AUG 2020