CULTURE FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , SOLUTION OF TEST-06

Ans. 1. (b)
Exp: Indian classical dances are performed inside
the sanctum of the temple according to the rituals called Agama Nartanam. Natya Shastra classifies this type of dance form as margi, or a soul-liberating dance. Dances performed in royal courts to the
accompaniment of classical music are called
Carnatakam.

Ans. 2 . (d)
Exp: The Indian government’s Ministry of Culture
has increased the number of dance forms that it accepts as part of Indian classical dance repertory and provides scholarships to young performers for the study of “Indian Classical Dance/Dance Music.” It currently confers classical dance status to eleven dance forms. These are Bharatnatyam, Chhau, Gaudiya Nritya, Kuchipudi, Mohiniyattam, Odissi,
Sattriya, Manipuri, Thang Ta, Kathak and Kathakali.

Ans. 3. (d)
Exp: Kathakali have been traditionally performed
by men and boys even for female roles.
Tarangam is unique piece also known as plate (Brass Plate) dance in Kuchipudi. In that the dancer must dance upon a brass palte, placing the feet upon the raised edges.

Ans. 4. (b)
Exp: Manipuri Dance is indigenous, most ritualistic and draws heavily from the rich culture of the state of Manipur. Drum dance is also known as Pung Cholam.

Ans. 5. (a)
Exp: It is not recognised as an Indian classical dance by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, but study of it is eligible for scholarships from the Ministry of Culture of India.

Ans. 6. (b)

Ans. 7. (c)
Exp: Kalbelia dance is one of the famous dances of
Rajasthan and performed by the Kalbelia community. Kajri dance is one of the famous dances of Uttar Pradesh and it is performed during rainy season. Bhavai is the folk dance of Rajasthan/Gujarat.

Ans. 8 . (a)

Ans. 9 . (b)
Exp: KinnauriNati is a folk dance which originated
in Himachal Pradesh. This dance is closely related to nature. It is performed on the occasion of New Year. The dance is the representation of the happiness gained after a good harvest. Nati entered in the book as the largest folk dance in terms of participants’
number. Total 9892 women participated in this folk dance.

Ans. 10 . (a)

Exp : The efforts of E. Krishna Iyer, a prominent
freedom fighter, revived this dance form. Previously, this dance form was performed by solo female dancers; it has since become increasingly popular among male and group artists as well. Rukmini
Devi Arundale, another famous proponent of Bharatnatyam, is remembered for giving global recognition to the dance.