CULTURE FOR UPSC PRELIMS 2020 , TEST-07

Q 1 . Which of the following terminologies associated with Buddhism is/are correct?
1. Abhidhammapitaka: It deals with the philosophy and doctrine of Buddhism appearing in the suttas.
2. Bodhisattva: It describes a person who attains nirvana by working for the welfare the world and voluntarily postpones release from rebirth.
3. Bodhi Vamsa: It is a mix Sanskrit Pali text which was composed by Upatissa.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1 and 3
(b) Only 1
(c) Only 2
(d) All

Q 2 . Consider the following statements with respect to the Smarta Sect of Hinduism:
1. This sect do not believe in one God, they worship five deities – Vishnu, Shiva, Devi, Ganesh, and Surya.
2. Important places of their worship are Puri, Badrinath, Sringeri, etc.
3. Smartas follow the Hindu scriptures but mostly Shruti literature.
Which of the above stated features is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) Only 1
(d) All

Q 3 . Which of the following statements related to
the different Buddhist Council’s is/are correct?
1. Second Buddhist Council: Objective was to preserve the Buddha’s sayings and monastic rules.
2. Third Buddhist Council: Origin of Theravada school occurred.
3. Fourth Buddhist Council: Buddhism was divided into Mahayana and Hinayana.
Codes:
(a) 1 and 3
(b) Only 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) All

Q 4 . Consider the following statements related to
the Jainism principles:
1. The Jains deny the existence of God.
2. The world for Jains is not created, maintained or destroyed by a God but functions through a universal or eternal law.
3. According to Jainism salvation can be attained only by abandoning all possessions, long course of fasting and self-mortification.
4. According to Digambara tradition women cannot attain salvation.
Which of the above given statements are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 2, 3 and 4

Q 5 . Consider the following statements:
1. Unlike Brahmanism, Jain philosophy doesn’t accept the existence of Atman and Brahman.
2. Unlike Brahmanism, Buddhist philosophy doesn’t accept the existence of Atman and Brahman.
3. Both, Jainism and Buddhism, share a belief in reincarnation which eventually leads to liberation.
Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?
(a) Only 1
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) None

Q 6 . Which of the following statements about  Third Buddhist Council is/are true?
1. It was presided over by the elder Moggaliputta Tissa.
2. The Abhidhamma Pitaka was established in this Council.
3. One of the most significant achievements was the sending forth of monks to teach Dhamma in nine different countries.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) Only 1 & 2
(b) Only 1 & 3
(c) Only 2 & 3
(d) All of the above

Q 7 . Which of the following statements with respect to the different religions are correct?
1. Confucianism teaches that individual should fulfill one’s role in society with propriety, honor, and loyalty.
2. Zoroastrians are fire-worshippers as fire represents God’s light.
3. Shinto teaches important ethical principles but has no commandments.
Codes:
(a) 1 and 3
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 2
(d) None

Q 8 . What does the wheel represents in Jainism?
(a) It represents that the universe was never created, it is self managed, and it will never cease to exist.
(b) It represents that universe is abode of infinite Siddhas.
(c) It represents the halt of the cycle of reincarnation through the pursuit and practice of spiritual truth of our universe.
(d) It represents asking for God’s help as part of a religious service.

Q 9 . Why Buddhism spread over a great expanse of area as compared to Jainism remained?
1. Jainism prohibited killing of pests infecting the standing crops.
2. Buddhism was a philosophical discourse which enabled the people to maintain local cultural inheritance but fruitful for traders only.
3. The active patronage provided by rulers like Ashoka & Kanishka to Buddhism.
Which of the above stated reasons are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1 and 3
(c) 2 and 3
(d) All

Q  10 . The message of Guru Nanak spelt out in hymns and teachings advocate:
1. About Nirguna bhakti.
2. Sacrifices, austerities and rituals as an integral part of the worship.
3. Stated ‘Rab’ is genderless and formless.
Which of the above stated teachings is/are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1 and 3